Right to Freedom Article 19 Article 22

What is the Right to Freedom | Article 19 to Article 22 in Indian Constitution

Right to Freedom Article 19 Article 22: One of the basic rights enacted in India’s constitution is the right to freedom. For the functioning of Indian democracy, the six fundamental rights set out in the Constitution are considered essential. The right to freedom gives citizens the basic freedom of expression, forming associations, freedom to liberty, freedom to live a dignified life and so on. The scope and any exceptions to these provisions are explained in detail on this page.

Overview of Right To Freedom

The right to freedom ensures citizens with the freedom to live dignified life. Articles 19, 20, 21A and 22 of the Indian Constitution make provision for this.

Article Name Overview of the Article
Article 19 Protection of 6 rights concerning the freedom of:

  1. Speech and expression
  2. Assembly
  3. Association
  4. Movement
  5. Residence
  6. Profession
Article 20 In the event of a conviction for a crime, you will be protected.
Article 21 Personal liberty and the right to life
Article 21A The right to a basic education
Article 22 In certain circumstances, you may be protected against arrest and detention.

Importance of Right To Freedom

It is important to have the right to freedom because it is a human right. The struggle for freedom from foreign imperialism in India is a struggle to live a life of respect for freedom and freedom and to choose how to live according to the law, to take up employment and business, to speak up and move forward, to live in every area of India and to live safely. India is a national fight against colonialism.

Article 19 Under Right To Freedom

Article 19 guarantees six freedoms and they are

  1. Freedom of Expression: The government ensures that everyone in India has freedom of expression. However, in the name of integrity, security, sovereignty, foreign-friendly relations, public policy, defamation or neglect of the Courts the State may restrict freedom of speech.
  2. Freedom of Association: the government ensures everyone’s freedom to meet peacefully without arms. However, the sovereignty, integrity and interests of the State’s public order may have reasonable restrictions.
  3. Freedom to form Associations/Unions/Cooperative Societies: Free trade union/co-operative organisations: State sanctions can be imposed on integrity, security, foreign-friendly relations, public order, slander, and country crimes. This Law provides workers with a fundamental right to form trade unions.
    • The Police Law of 1966 prohibits the formation of syndicates by police officers.
    • Laws limiting the right of employers to form political organisations, including members of the military, intelligence and telecommunications systems.
  4. Freedom of Movement: Indian citizens are free to walk about the country. This right can also be restricted in order to protect national security, public order, or potential tribal interests.
  5. Housing Freedom: Indian citizens have the freedom to live anywhere in the country. In reality, limits may be applied to safeguard security, public order, or the prospective tribe’s interests.
  6. Workplace Freedom: All citizens have the right to work / work / continue working, regardless of whether the work or trade is illegal or immoral. Furthermore, the law does not exclude the enforcement of laws requiring technical or professional qualifications for business or professional training.

Article 20 Under Right To Freedom

  • The protection of civilians in punishing criminal crimes is governed by Article 20. It provides the state with three types of personal protection.
  • The former criminal code is otherwise known as the former secondary penal code. A person cannot be convicted of an act until the crime is declared legal. This means that this legislation cannot prevail.
  • Immunity against preventive containment cannot be used and does not involve testing.
  • The law also says that no person can be punished for anything other than the crime laid down by law.
  • Multiple Threats: This means that a person can’t be convicted of the same offence more than once.
  • Self-repression is prohibited, which means the government will not force a person suspected of a crime to testify against them.

Article 21 Under Right To Freedom

  • Without compliance with the procedures provided for in Article 21, nobody may lose his life or freedom. This article offers various options and over the decades, many changes have occurred in the interpretation.
  • The right to live in dignity is the Supreme Court.
  • In a sense, this is the main right, because all other rights are null and void without this right to life.
  • The differences between the police state and a rule of law are clearly demonstrated.

Article 21 (a) Under Right To Freedom

With the 86th amendment to the Constitution, this article was first introduced in 2002. It mandates that all children between the ages of 6 and 14 get free and compulsory education.

Article 22 Under Right To Freedom

  • In a few cases, Article 22 provides for protection from arrest and detention. This article covers both citizens and nationals of the country. In the case of arrests, this provision extends certain processes.
  • It appears following the arrest of a man. This is not a basic right to arrest or detention.
  • This right has the idea of limiting both arbitrary arrest and detention.
  • The following protections are provided in this article:
    • Article 22 (1): Each prisoner needs to explain why he is arrested. Furthermore, it cannot be denied the right to consult a lawyer.
    • Article 22 (2): Anyone apprehended shall be taken into custody and placed before a judge within 24 hours.
    • Article 22 (3): No one may be detained for more time than the judge determines.

FAQ’s on Right To Freedom

Question 1.
What are the six rights to freedom?

The 6 basic fundamental rights are:
1. Right to equality
2. Right to freedom
3. The right against exploitation
4. The right to freedom of religion
5. Cultural and educational rights
6. The right to constitutional decisions

Question 2.
What are the six freedoms guaranteed by the right to freedom?

The 6 freedom that is guaranteed by the right to freedom is Language and performance, Assembly, Association, Protest, Accommodation, Company.

Question 3.
Which article is right to life?

Article 21 covers the right to life which states that “no person shall be deprived of his life or personal liberty except according to procedure established by law“.

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