Sentence Types – BCR CA Foundation Study Material

This Sentence Types – BCR CA Foundation Study Material is designed strictly as per the latest syllabus and exam pattern.

Sentence Types – BCR CA Foundation Study Material

Question 1.
Classify the following sentences as Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex:
Answer:

The dog ran after the red ball. Simple
The winter set in, it was cold and we took out woolens from the cupboard. Compound
The thief ran away when he saw the police. Complex
She is neither honest nor sincere. Compound
Although it was raining, I left my house, as I had to attend an important meeting. Compound

Complex

Since we had only one plate, we had to take turns to eat our dinner. Complex
The children like ice cream and cake. Simple
The workers have done their job as promised, so we should give them credit and pay them accordingly. Compound
Complex
When the Chief guest arrived, the audience clapped heavily. Complex
The boys are playing cards. Simple
She wears a helmet whenever she is driving but the pillion rider is without a helmet. Compound
After the hurricane hit, the city was completely destroyed. Complex
Tina arrived late for the party. Simple
Even though he was tired, Sam knew he had to win the race for his team, so he ran as fast as he could. Compound

Complex

The children ran up the hill to the church. Simple

Sentence Types – BCR CA Foundation Study Material

Question 2.
Convert the following into Indirect Speech

  1. Tina said, “Nobody can solve the problem.”
  2. Rohan said, “Hurrah! I have won the race.”
  3. Rita says, “I can look after my children myself.”
  4. My uncle said, “Is your father at home?”
  5. The guest said, “It gives me great pleasure to be here this evening.”
  6. He said to me, “I saw a strange man at the beach.”
  7. She says to him, “You have done your job.”
  8. Everyone says, “He has cheated his friend.”
  9. The mother said, to the kids, “The sun rises in the East and sets in the West.”
  10. She said, “If I were you, I would teach him and help him out with his homework.”
  11. I said to her, “John arrived here yesterday but will go back tomorrow.”
  12. The boss said to the peon, “Go away.”
  13. The mother said to her boy, “Where have you been all afternoon?”
  14. Newton said, “I am trying to find a new home.”
  15. Shanaya said, “I have been practicing playing the violin.”
  16. He said to him, “Is not your name Akash?”
  17. She said, “Let us wait for the reward.”
  18. The manager said, “Bravo! you have done well.”
  19. “Do you suppose you know better than your own father?” jeered his angry mother.
  20. The teacher said, “ I do not wish to see any of you. Go away.”
  21. He said, “The horse died in the night.”
  22. The apprentice said, “I will work for you for 1 year.”
  23. The winner said, “I owe my success to my parents.”
  24. The historian said, “Akbar won the respect of all classes & races by his justice.”
  25. “Which is the correct way to answer this question mean ?” the student inquired.

Answer:

  1. Tina said that nobody could solve the problem.
  2. Rohan exclaimed with joy that he had won the race.
  3. Rita said that she could look after her children herself.
  4. My uncle asked me if my father was at home.
  5. The guest said that it gave him great pleasure to be there that evening.
  6. He told me that he had seen a strange man at the beach.
  7. She tells him that he has done his job.
  8. Everyone says that he has cheated on his friend.
  9. The mother told the kids that the sun rises in the East and sets in the West.
  10. She said that if she were you, she would teach him and help him out with his homework.
  11. I told her that John had arrived there the day before, but would go back the next day.
  12. The boss ordered the peon to go away.
  13. The mother asked her boy where he had been all afternoon.
  14. Newton said that he was trying to find a new home.
  15. Shanaya said that she had been practicing playing the violin.
  16. He inquired whether his name was not Akash.
  17. She proposed that they should wait for the reward.
  18. The manager applauded him, saying that he had done well.
  19. His angry mother jeered & asked whether he supposed that he knew better than his own father.
  20. The teacher said that she did not wish to see any of them & ordered them to go away.
  21. He said that the horse had died in the night.
  22. The apprentice said that he would work for him for 1 year.
  23. The winner said that he owed his success to his parents.
  24. The historian said that Akbar won the respect of all classes & races by his justice.
  25. The student enquired his maam which was the correct way to answer that question.

Sentence Types – BCR CA Foundation Study Material

Question 3.
Convert the following into Direct Speech:

  1. She requested Sam to wait there till she returned.
  2. She said that she would be playing at the concert next week.
  3. Anna said that she was going to the church the next day.
  4. The employee told the boss that he had posted the letter the day before.
  5. The student asked his teacher if he should email that application again.
  6. Lisa said that she might leave for Paris that day.
  7. He said that honesty is the best policy.
  8. The postman requested me to sign along the dotted line.
  9. The Chairman told the shareholders that their company’s profits had doubled that year.
  10. Father advised his son to work hard for success in life.
  11. The old man prayed to God to bless him with good health.
  12. The girl wished that she would be a princess.
  13. The Chief Guest said that he was pleased by the recitation.
  14. He replied that he had promised to reward his employees & he had kept his word.
  15. He said that we are all sinners.
  16. Aman said that he had seen that picture.
  17. I asked Monika if she would lend me a pen & a sheet of paper.
  18. The servant said that his master was working in the study.
  19. Aalia exclaimed that she was very smart.
  20. The receptionist requested the visitor to wait there till she returned.
  21. Sam said that though he had come, it was against his will.
  22. The traveler asked the farmer if he could tell him the way to the nearest motel, where he could have a good meal.
  23. Hasan said that he didn’t believe me.
  24. Sohrab urged them to be quiet & listen to his words.
  25. The master ordered his servant to go to the market & get him a bottle of wine.

Answer:

  1. She said to Sam, “Please wait here till I return.”
  2. She said, “I will be playing at the concert, next week.”
  3. Anna said, “I am going to the church tomorrow.”
  4. The employee said to the boss, “I posted the letter yesterday.”
  5. The student asked his teacher, “Shall I email this application again?”
  6. Lisa said, “I may leave for Paris, today.”
  7. He said, “Honesty is the best policy.”
  8. The postman said to me, “Please sign along the dotted line.”
  9. The Chairman said to the shareholders, “Your company’s profits have doubled this year.”
  10. Father said to his son, “Work hard for success in life.”
  11. The old man said, “Oh God! Bless me with good health.”
  12. The girl said, “If I were a princess!”
  13. The chief guest said, “I am pleased by the recitation.”
  14. He replied, “I had promised to reward my employees & I have kept my word.”
  15. He said, “We are all sinners.”
  16. Aman said, “I have seen this picture.”
  17. I said to Monika, “Will you lend me a pen & a sheet of paper?”
  18. The servant said, “My master is working in the study.”
  19. Aalia said, “How smart I am!”
  20. The receptionist said to the visitor, “Please wait here till I return.”
  21. Sam said, “Though I have come, it is against my will.”
  22. The traveler said to the farmer, “Can you tell me the way to the nearest motel, where I can have a good meal?
  23. Hasan said to me, “I don’t believe you.”
  24. Sohrab said, “Be quiet and listen to my words.”
  25. “Go to the market and get me a bottle of wine,” said the master to his servant.

Sentence Types – BCR CA Foundation Study Material

Question 4.
Rewrite the following sentences in Active Voice:

  1. The teacher was pleased with the boy’s work.
  2. An article was written by him for the magazine.
  3. He will be fined for breaking the rules by the police officer.
  4. May your pen be used by me?
  5. This lesson must be finished by you.
  6. Was the baby being fed by Neelam?
  7. Why was your servant being shouted at by you?
  8. My book has not been returned by her.
  9. The Chief Minister was welcomed by the crowd.
  10. Nick’s acting has been praised by critics.
  11. Was this picture painted by you?
  12. It will soon be forgotten.
  13. Street food should not be eaten.
  14. The entire city was destroyed by the hurricane.
  15. The meeting was postponed.
  16. The gate was opened by the servant.
  17. He was made the captain of the team.
  18. The stadium was thronged with spectators.
  19. The bulb was invented by Thomas Edison.
  20. By whom were you taught German?
  21. A speeding ticket will be given to you by the policeman.
  22. He was laughed at for his bad singing.
  23. The lamp-post was knocked down by the truck.
  24. Sohum was welcomed by his college friends at the reunion.
  25. The child was frightened by the noise.

Answer:

  1. The boy’s work pleased the teacher.
  2. He wrote an article for the magazine.
  3. The police officer will fine him for breaking the rules.
  4. May I use your pen?
  5. You must finish this lesson.
  6. Was Neelam feeding the baby?
  7. Why were you shouting at your servant?
  8. She has not returned my book.
  9. The crowd welcomed the Chief Minister.
  10. The critics have praised Nick’s acting.
  11. Did you paint this picture?
  12. People will soon forget it.
  13. We should not eat street food.
  14. The hurricane destroyed the entire city.
  15. They postponed the meeting.
  16. The servant opened the gate.
  17. They made him the captain of the team.
  18. The spectators thronged the stadium.
  19. Thomas Edison invented the bulb.
  20. Who taught you, German?
  21. The policeman will give you a speeding ticket.
  22. They laughed at him for his bad singing.
  23. The truck knocked down the lamp-post.
  24. His college friends welcomed Sohum at the reunion.
  25. The noise frightened the child.

Sentence Types – BCR CA Foundation Study Material

Question 5.
Rewrite the following sentences in Passive Voice:

  1. The students will welcome the guests.
  2. Lightning struck the museum.
  3. The doctor will have operated on the patient.
  4. We are going to watch a musical play tonight.
  5. He faxed his resume for the new job at the bank.
  6. Somebody stole my purse yesterday.
  7. We would save costs if we used fewer materials.
  8. Who has vandalized this shop?
  9. You cannot do this job.
  10. She had already heard the news.
  11. Had you seen the Gateway of India before?
  12. Newton invented the law of gravitation.
  13. This boy will help her cross the road.
  14. The child is plucking the roses in the garden.
  15. The victim was crying for help.
  16. My teacher praised me.
  17. The guard refused his admittance into the office.
  18. His mother loves him very much.
  19. Why did Mahesh write such a report?
  20. The Government is building monuments to mark the victory.
  21. His behavior puzzles me.
  22. The reporter gathered the facts about the incident.
  23. Mrs. Thomas teaches us grammar.
  24. People speak English all over the world.
  25. The stranger helped Ishan in locating the house.

Answer:

  1. The guests will be welcomed by the students.
  2. The museum was struck by lightning.
  3. The patient will have been operated on by the doctor.
  4. A musical play is going to be watched by us tonight.
  5. His resume for the new job at the bank was faxed by him.
  6. My purse was stolen by somebody yesterday.
  7. Costs would be saved by us if we used fewer materials.
  8. By whom has this shop been vandalized?
  9. This job cannot be done by you.
  10. The news had already been heard by her.
  11. Had the Gateway of India been seen by you before?
  12. The law of gravitation was invented by Newton.
  13. She will be helped to cross the road by this boy.
  14. The roses in the garden are being plucked by the child.
  15. The cries for help were being made by the victim.
  16. I was praised by my teacher.
  17. He was refused admittance into the office by the guard.
  18. He is loved very much by his mother.
  19. Why was such a report written by Mahesh?
  20. A monument is being built by the Government to mark the victory.
  21. I am puzzled by his behavior.
  22. The facts about the incident were gathered by the reporter.
  23. We are taught grammar by Mrs. Thomas.
  24. English is spoken all over the world.
  25. Ishan was helped by the stranger in locating the house.

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