Commission on Post Office Schemes, Insurance, Stocks, Mutual Funds and ETF: Commission can be a baffling topic for anyone, whether one is excellent with money or not. Maybe one taking-into-account a job with a structure of commission or are presently in a field where a commission is a big clump of one’s compensation or reward. If one is unsure about how all of this works in the world of business, we’ll dissect the concept into small parts so that anyone comes out a little wiser than they were before.
- What is Commission?
- Commission Charged on Mutual Funds Scheme
- Commission Charged on the Insurance Policies
- Commission Charged on Life Insurance Policies
- Commission Charged from 1 Jan 204 to 31 Mar 2017 on Life Insurance Policies
- Commission Charged on Pension Insurance Policies
- Commission Charged on Non-Life Insurance Policies: Health and Auto
- Commission Charged on Motor Insurance
- Commission Charged on Marine and Fire Insurance
- Commission Charged on the Post Office Scheme
- Commission Charged on ETF, Stocks
What is Commission?
The commission is extra or added compensation that’s reaped based on performance in the job. When you agree to a commission structure (often by signing an agreement), or commission-based role or an individual agree to be paid a certain amount of money that’s reliant on hitting some goal—goods sold, hires placed, meetings closed, to name a few examples.
When an individual thinks of commission, their mind immediately goes to a sales-type role (think of a retail or market salesperson trying to get you to buy that extra pair of jeans). Commission bearing financial products, such as insurance policies and mutual fund schemes, expose-oneself-to mis-selling by traders who push products that optimise to maximise their incomes in preference to the welfare of the client. Now the market is cloven into chemists and doctors.
The commission is prevalent in most sales jobs because their responsibilities and liabilities are heavily bound to a company’s revenue goals. Having the fortuity to earn a commission—sometimes a massive amount—motivates or stimulates those individuals to reach or get close to their every-quarter or annual goals. But the commission can crop up in other places, too. In enlisting, an individual is often provided with a commission on each candidate the person successfully places—usually a percentage of their yearly salary.
As an account manager, one can earn a commission on clients you boost or renew for the year. And in real estate, an individual can get a cut of the money the person can make by selling a property. In fact, in some jobs, the commission makes up almost all of the person’s compensation, meaning if one’s income is inconsistent and highly dependent on their output.
Commission Charged on Mutual Funds Scheme
Mutual Fund companies pay a good amount of commission to a distributor(one who sells or distributes the mutual funds) and are of various types.
There is a paid-out expense ratio of the Mutual funds, which are expressed as a percentage figure. Currently, there is no in-force entry load system. So the investor gets the units meted to them at the Net Asset Value (NAV), and there are no charges added of the fund to this figure.
But, one-time charge for the transaction: It is Rs 150 for fresh investors and Rs 100 for enduring investors of a mutual fund. This is the cost that will be deducted from your invested amount by the govt.
To get the initial investment into the fund, the upfront commission is the amount received. In the first year, the mutual fund’s company (AMC) pays the upfront commission to an agent. This is the figure that is usually a percentage figure, and the distributor will earn immediately, which is based on the amount that is imparted in. Sometimes for a large number of applications, there is also a flat payment, especially in case of an offer for a new fund.
Trail commission: when the investor remains with the fund for a specified period of time on a continuous basis, this is the figure earned by the distributor. On an annual basis, this payment is usually made by the fund to the distributor. Since these are calculated on the net property, distributors get benefitted from the rise in the form of the higher NAV of funds or the sale of more units in their assets. In the long run, this is the most important part of commissions and the main earning of mutual funds agents.
Mutual Funds regulator SEBI says the distributor has to inform about the commission that is earned on a trial basis both at the time of investment as well as later to the investor.
Equity schemes charge as close as 2.75 of percentage (limits were enhanced in 2012, up from the earlier 2.50 of total percentage) every year to its unitholders while debt funds charge up to about 2.50% of total percentage. Typically equity funds pay about 0.50% as trail fees and another 75-100 bps(.75% – 1%) as upfront commission. Debt funds pay about 40-50 bps as trail fees and another close to 50-75 bps as upfront charges. The Direct Plan, as compared to existing plans in the same schemes, has a lower expense ratio, as, under this plan, there is no commission to be paid to the distributor.
After the regulator of capital markets, the Securities and Exchange Board of India, from August 2009, abolished entry loads with effect and made it compulsory for mutual funds distributors to disclose the fee that they earn from Mutual Funds. Also, as a result of this, distributors were also ordered to charge their consumers directly, which some distributors do follow and some didn’t. By various distributors, the commission earned by selling mutual funds and can be found webpage commission disclosure at AMFI.
Commission Charged on the Insurance Policies
Insurance Agent Commission Charged varies from company to company. Let’s discuss how the Insurance Agent Commission is defined by companies in India.
First, let us acknowledge who insurance agents are? So Insurance agents work as the middleman between those who endeavor to purchase insurance policies and insurance companies. Insurance agents may sell a variety of insurance policies or may concentrate on providing their consumers with one distinct type of insurance. Various types of insurance include life, equity, inability, and health insurance.
The main objective of paying Commission on Insurance Policies is to increase insurance density and penetration in the country. Life insurance policies follow a front-loaded commission structure where a fat clump of the premium of first-year is paid upfront as a commission to the agents. Commission on various policies of insurance depends on the type of insurance, such as Life Insurance, Non-Life and Pension.
In life insurance policies, the commission allowed to the agents comes under the notice of Premium Allocation Charge. This charge is recurring, which means this is deducted from every premium one pays. Usually, charges remain constant for the remaining term and are highest in the first year.
The Commission is reaped by all the insurance middlemen or intermediaries such as corporate agents, web aggregators, insurance marketing firms and insurance brokers. If the policy is acquired directly by an insurer, then no remuneration or commission will be paid to an insurance agent by the company or an insurer.
For term insurance plans, only a plain quote is given with no illustrations of detailed benefit. The commission structure is not quite visible. However, consumers can bypass this problem by vying the cost structure of the version of online term insurance from the same company. Though the precise commission will not be available, any individual can get the cost differential.
The IRDA-I or Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India brought down the illustrative rates from 6% and 10% earlier to 4% and 8% now.
Commission Charged on Life Insurance Policies
From April 2017, for selling life and non-life insurance policies, insurance agents will get a higher commission. A notification sent by the Indian Regulatory body named: Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India about the new rate of commissions which is to be paid to insurance intermediaries.
In a single premium category, an agent of life insurance will get:
- 7.5% allocated for Term Plans or individual pure risk products,
- 2% allocated for selling individual product for life(other than Term plans),
- 2% allocated for individual deferred and immediate annuity products (like pension plans)
- 5% allocated for a group of products of pure risk. (Group Term Plans).
For all the commodities under the regular premium category, there are specifically two categories: those other than pure risk or those bundled with investments and pure risk.
In the first year, 40% of the commission for a pure individual term plan or risk will be given, and the agent for every renewal premium will be paid 10% of the commission.
In the case of non-term plans or non-pure risk cover, the 15% will be the commission for the policy for up to five years, and for policies over 12 years, the commission will rise up to 35%.
Besides, the insurance company’s agent will also be provided with a renewal premium of 7.5%, which will be given annually.
So, an agent will get a commission of 35% for the policy in which the individual has a premium for 12 years in the first year and 7.5% in subsequent years.
Commission Charged from 1 Jan 204 to 31 Mar 2017 on Life Insurance Policies
The commission from 1 Jan 2014 to 31 Mar 2017 was:
Now the premium paying term (the tenor for which the policyholder pays premium regularly) of a policy will be linked by Agents’ incentives.
For five years of a premium paying term, agents will get up to 15% of the premium as commissions in the first year.
This first-year 15% commission will increase to a maximum of 35% in case the insurer is more than ten years old and 40% commission for insurers that are less than ten years old if the premium paying term is 12 years or more.
In the case of a single premium, 2% of the single premium will be provided as remuneration.
The maximum allotted remuneration or commission by IRDA-I for brokers shall be:
(i) with premium paying-term of 10 and above, shall get 30% in the first year for policies;
(ii) for all premium paying, terrific shall be paid 5% in the subsequent years.
During the first ten years for all intermediaries, except for brokers, a life insurer’s business shall be 40% in the first year for premium paying term policies with 12 years and above.
Comparison Between the Commission Charged on Mutual Funds and ULIPs
How does any individual compare the commission structure of ULIPS and mutual funds?
While in the initial years for Ulips, the commission was high, and it grew in mutual funds over the years.
This has happened because insurance companies were observed to pay commission only on new premiums, while mutual funds sweeten commission for the accumulated corpus.
Commission Charged on Pension Insurance Policies
In the case of a single premium,
2% allocated concerning single premium.
In cases other than single premium:
- 7% allocated regarding the first year’s premium.
- 2% allocated regarding each renewal premium.
The IRDAI mandates all life insurance companies to provide a ‘Benefit Illustration’ (BI) to the prospective buyers of unit-linked insurance plans (or Ulips). The idea is to help the buyer of the insurance take a look at the investment of the premium, how and what deduction of charges will be applied and most essentially, how the growth will happen for the value of the fund. It not only shows how the investment will grow over the years but also how much charges get deducted each year from the premium.
In the ‘Benefit Illustration’, the total investment return and the underlying hypothesis of it will get 4% and 8% according to currently stands and has been mandated by the regulator. It will be demonstrated individually, running into several columns.
Remember, these calculations (based on benefit illustrations of 4% and 8% growth rates) are due to regulatory terms, and investors should not feign that this is the return they will get.
Commission Charged on Non-Life Insurance Policies: Health and Auto
The commission completely depends on the type of insurance in non-life policies.
For Auto Insurance Agent, 10% is the maximum commission payable on the premium part paid of the cover only for the own damage component. On the premium cover, there is no commission for third-party.
In the case of Health Insurance, the commission is capped at 15% of the premium amount. The commission on renewals is also payable at the same rate.
The maximum remuneration or commission as a percentage of premium offered by stand-alone health insurers or general insurers as the allowed for health insurance products.
Commission Charged on Motor Insurance
The commission structure in personal damage motor or general insurance policies has progressed to 15% of the premium. This commission generated only towards own damage(OD) will be on the premium charged. Also, for the first time, on third-party motor insurance, a commission of 2.5% of the annual premium has been introduced.
Commission Charged on Marine and Fire Insurance
Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India has also changed the commission structure for marine and fire insurance. In the retail fire segment, 15% commission will be provided with the annual agent premium, and in the case of an intermediary, the commission will be 16.5%. The commission payouts in marine insurance diverse policies remain unchanged for agents, which was a yearly premium of 15%. However, for intermediaries, it has been raised to 16.5% of a yearly premium.
Commission Charged on the Post Office Scheme
The remission of commission to agents of the scheme of Senior citizens Savings and Public Provident Fund (PPF) has been ceased, with ramification from first Dec 2011. Commission underneath all alternative schemes (except MPKBY Agents, which stands for Mahila Pradhan Kshetriya Bachat Yojana) has been diminished from 1% to 0.5%. However, commission to MPKBY agents can sustain at the present rate of 4%.
The Committee originated by the govt. An associate overall review of the National tiny Savings Fund (NSSF) had inter-alia, recommended rationalization of the structure of commission rate. Supported the exhortation, the govt has set to abolish/reduce the agency commission, the most purpose that is to create these schemes a lot of capitalist central than agent-centric.
Commission Charged on ETF, Stocks
When an individual buys a stock, they usually get charged or a percentage of the trade value as additional charges, which called brokerage:
- Securities Transaction Tax (STT): allotted percentage of 0.125% of the total trade value paid to the government of India.
- Service Cess and Tax: on the brokerage, a 10.3% tax shall be paid to the government of India.
Stamp Duty, or the Turnover Charges: Regulatory fees payable to the state, SEBI or exchange, usually a small percentage of trade value.
Besides, per transaction, some brokers charge a Demat fee and account charges or annual demat.