Succession Certificate, Letter of Administration, Probate of Will

Succession Certificate, Letter of Administration, Probate of Will

Succession Certificate, Letter of Administration, Probate of Will: Getting your money to your loved ones is a lengthy paperwork process that goes through various steps when you were no more to help them out. You have to prepare some documents to prove that they are the legal heir for Mutual Fund, Bank account, Demat account, PPF, Financial Institutions of that particular person. Those documents are:-

  1. Succession Certificate,
  2. Letter of Administration, and
  3. Probated copy of Will.

Succession Certificate

Suppose there is no nominee attached to the account, and there is no survivor left among the account holders. In that case, the Succession Certificate is the only primary option left through which the heirs can stake their claim to the money or the benefits of the left relative. (Also, there is no availability of Will)

What is a Succession Certificate?

Under the Indian Succession Act, 1925 (h), a Succession Certificate is legal terminology that gives authority to their successor who can get the benefits to the represent that deceased to collect the claims, securities, and other debts, which is payable in the name of that successor or heir.

It establishes a legitimacy that the heirs or the successor can access all the debts, securities, and other assets left behind by the deceased.

Where Can We Apply for the Application?

We can apply Succession Certificate within the legal territory in either high court or district court.

Legal territory refers to where the assets fall, where the properties of the deceased relative or predecessor are situated by filing a petition file for succession certificate. Courts, high court, and district court are part of the judiciary, but it depends on the value of the deceased’s assets that in which court the case has to be present. It is known as “Pecuniary Jurisdiction” of the court.

  • In the petition, we have to give the brief detail about the petitioner or the heir:-
  • What was the relationship between the heir and the deceased?
  • Element of the heirs and all beneficiaries
  • The time, date, and place of death (if it is accidental, then brief detail about that too)
  • The death Certificate has to attach.

These are the documents that we have to submit in court.

After getting verified from the court, the court will issue the notice to the respective concern. Court gives information in a newspaper about the successor and deceased to publicly affirm that if anyone has any objection with this heir, they can raise their voice within the time frame (time frame is usually from one month to one and half months). If no one objects to the heir in that specified period, the court issues a succession certificate to the petitioner. And if there are two or more two petitioners, then the court grants them joint Certificate of Succession; they will not present more than one certificate for a single asset.

Lawyers may retain up to 3% of the value of assets, which did not include their fees. The court has fixed a 3% levy.

How Long Does It Take To Obtain the Succession Certificate from the Court?

It takes roughly three to four months from the date of filing the petition to the court. Sometimes this may take up to five to seven months also.

After receiving the Succession Certificate, is the person the rightful owner of the deceased person’s assets, securities, and other related properties?

No, this is not true. The person is not the rightful owner to spend the deceased person’s assets.

A Succession Certificate is a certificate that approves you as a nominee. We can say that the person is holding the Succession Certificate act is similar to the nominee.

Probate of Will

If there is a valid Will, then Succession Certificate is not granted; we can have a Probate of Letter of Administration is required.

Technical terms we have to familiar with before reading about “Will”:-

  1. Testate: Person dies leaving behind Will.
  2. Intestate succession: Person dies without Will.
  3. Testator: Person who creates Will.
  4. Legatee: Successor (Person inherit the property under Will).
  5. Codicil or Addendum: Part of Will used to add or alter the relation in Will.
  6. Executor: Person appointed by the tester to execute the Will. An executor is the legal representative of the deceased person.

Probate certifies Will’s authenticity, and it is a legal process taken from the court. It establishes the legal character of the person appointed by the tester to implement the Will and validate. The person appointed by the executor in the Will can grant the Probate.

When is Probate Necessary?

  1. Will is created by Europeans, East Indians, Armenians, Jews, Indian Christians, and Paris.
  2. Cases of Will are immovable property in a specific place like, Mumbai, Chennai, and Kolkata.
  3. For clearing the Will, the person has to report within seven working days from the date of death by the person who has made the Will.
  4. For getting Probate, we need to pay some cost, which includes legal fees and stamp duty. Stamp duty varies from one state to another.

How to get Probate of a Will?

Probate is a legal copy of the Will certified by the court of competent jurisdiction. It is the lasted Will which was created by the person before deceased on a particular date. Court sends the sealed copy of the Probate. No one is appointing under the Will to administer its provisions without a Probate except for the person whose name is written in the Will. The nominee can only hold the rights to access the assets but only after receiving or obtaining the Probate.


The Probate application has to be filled to the court (pecuniary jurisdiction) with the help of a lawyer.

Documents Required for Probate of a Will

  1. Proof of death is the Death certificate of the Testator.
  2. Proof that the Testator evaluates will
  3. The Last Will of the Testator.

Alert or Notification

The successor has to file an objection in the notice that the court issued after receiving the petition or application for Probate; after that, the citation must be published in the newspaper for the general public.


The percentage of assets may impose by the court as a fee.

For example: In Maharastra, if assets are between Rs. 50,000 to 2 lakh, 4% of the asset will be charged as the fee for the court. If this amount exceeds two lakhs, the cost increases up to 7.5% of the total aid.

  • A Probate is a must if the Will is an immovable asset in Kolkata, Mumbai, and Chennai.
  • The Probate of Will is the establishment of the proof for the genuineness of Will from the death of the Testator.
  • Probate is different from the Succession Certificate.
  • The court issues the Probate when the person dies and has made a Will.
  • If the person dies without declaring his or her legal heirs, we must apply for the Succession Certificate.

These are applicable as per the Law of Inheritance.

Letter of Administrator

What if we do not have a declared successor on Will or Will does not contain any executor? Then we need to get the Letter of Administration.

The letter is issued by the court and appoints the Administration to discard the property of the person, if:-

  1. The Testator has failed to specify the executor on their Will. OR
  2. The executor appointed under the Will doe not accept the Will or its assets.
  3. When the executor died before the Testator, and the Testator has not updated the Will.

A Letter of Administration has to clear within 14 days after the date of death of the Testator.

For obtaining a Letter of Administration, we have to apply to the court.

After receiving satisfactory proof from they issue a letter of Administration, The application must contain the following detail on the Letter of Administration:-

  1. Date of death of the Testator, with time mention on it.
  2. Write an appropriate last Will.
  3. Court Duly executed documents.
  4. The total amount of assets.
  5. Name of the petitioner and other details, like relationship with the Testator.

Only one letter of Administration to be granted to one or more than one person. This Letter of Administration is not issued in the name of any minor.

Death Proof

Proof of Death is generally referred to as the Death Certificate. By submitting the Certificate of Death, we can present the Death Proof of the Testator.

  • If a person disappears, then according to the law, it is presumed to be that the person is dead.
  • A person died in the air crash, the ship sunk, or by any other means in which the person’s body was not recovered, then the court may provide a notice which satisfies the fact of the death of that person.
  • If a person killed on the battlefield while serving the country, the official notification will be provided as the Testator’s death.
How to Correct or Update Aadhar Card

How to Correct or Update Aadhar Card? – Details That Can Be Changed

How to Correct or Update Aadhar Card?: UIDAI has made it more manageable for people to get their Aadhar card updated both offline and online. Aadhar card correction or update processes through which people can easily get their e-Aadhaar card details updated and corrected are mentioned below.

An Aadhaar Card consists of a 12-digit unique identification number that is granted an essential document for proof of address and proof of identity. An Aadhaar Card is also needed for availing various government benefits and subsidies. However, it is of absolute importance that your Aadhaar Card is updated to avoid any impediment. By visiting the Aadhaar Enrolment/Update Centre, any individual updates the Aadhar card name, date of birth, address, mobile number, and email id on the Aadhaar card online and offline.

Details That Can Be Changed in the Aadhar Card Online

As per the newest developments, one can only get their address changed in their Aadhaar card Using the online portal of SSUP. In case a person want to update the following details; they have to visit an Aadhaar Enrolment Centre:

  • Name of the applicant
  • Gender
  • Address
  • Date of Birth
  • Mobile number
  • Email ID

In order to register the mobile number of a resident with UIDAI, visit a nearby Aadhaar Enrolment Centre and submit your mobile number in the Aadhaar Enrolment/Correction Form. One does not have to provide any proof for registering their mobile number with Aadhaar.

Steps to Update Aadhaar Card by Visiting Enrolment Centre

Any individual can get details of their Aadhar updated by simply visiting the Aadhaar Seva Kendra.

Make sure that entered information is correct and not the one that is pre-specified in your Aadhaar.

The applicant needs to get self-attested photocopies of proofs validating their update request.

Submit the filled form along with documents for verification.

You need to pay Rs—25 as a charge for every such visit to the Enrolment Centre for updates or corrections.

An individual can get their biometric data, all including their details, image, mobile number, etc., updated at the centre for enrolment.

Aadhaar Card mobile number update or change can also be done at the enrolment centre.

Moreover, you can also visit several banks to update your Aadhaar card. For example, one can make changes to your Aadhaar Card by visiting the nearest Axis bank branch and opting for their Axis Bank Aadhaar.

Note:  Whether a person updates one field or many, charges for the Aadhaar Update will be Rs. 50 (if only demographics details of the applicant are being updated) and Rs. 100 (if the person is also updating biometrics).

Fill Aadhaar Card Enrolment Form, Content, Steps To Fill and How To Track?

Steps to Update Aadhaar Details through Post

Residentss can correct or update their Aadhaar Data by sending the request form by Post. One can download the Aadhaar Data Correction/Update Form For Request Through Post.

Fill in the complete Aadhaar Data Correction/Update Form and then sign off.

Depending on the field to be updated, as per the Valid Documents List, attach self-signed supporting documents. On all your document copies, do mention your Aadhaar Number.

Review the data entered for completeness and correctness in English as well as the local language.

Seal the envelope correctly; Mark the envelope as “Aadhaar Update/Correction” on top.

Along with the supporting documents, send the form to one of the addresses given below.

You will receive a suggestion of an update request receipt.

Steps to Update Aadhar Card Details Online

Usually, a person can modify the address, name, date of birth, gender, email id and mobile number on the Aadhar card. In order to change the details of an individual Aadhaar card online, follow these steps to change/correct/update.

  • Step 1. Open and visit the Aadhaar Self Service Update Portal and click on “Update your Address Online.”
  • Step 2. The person then needs to click on the “Proceed to Update Address” option only when the individual has valid address proof.
  • Step 3. In the new window, you are required to enter your 12-digit Aadhaar number and click on “Enter a TOTP” or “Send OTP.”
  • Step 4. A One Time Password (OTP) will be sent to the applicant’s registered mobile number in the database of UIDAI.
  • Step 5. Enter this OTP to log in to your Aadhaar account. Alternately, to authenticate, you can use the TOTP feature.
  • Step 6. One then required to select either the “Update Address vis Secret Code” option or the other option of “Update Address by Address Proof”.
  • Step 7. One can now enter the residential address mentioned in the Proof of Address (PoA) and click on the “Preview” button.
  • Step 8. In case you want to alter your address, click the “Modify” option else, next tick the declaration and then click on the “Submit” button.
  • Step 9. One then needs to select the document type they want to submit as PoA for verification and upload the scanned copy of the address proof and then click on the “Submit” button.
  • Step 10. The request for the individual Aadhar update will be accepted, and a new 14-digit URN will be generated

One can use the Update Request Number (URN) to check the status of the Aadhaar address update. Once updated, the person can download the updated version and get your Aadhar card print out.

Vital Things To Be Kept In Mind While Updating Aadhar Card Details

The changes that a person enters must be appropriate, and the correct documents that an individual is attaching with the form must be self-attested and approved.

The individual details are required to be filled in the local language or in English.

While correcting the details in the Aadhar card, it must be assured that the URN is kept safe as it helps to track the status of the Aadhar Card.

In case the resident’s mobile number is not registered, then they must visit the most adjacent Aadhaar Enrolment to make corrections to their Aadhaar card.

The resident must ensure that all the details entered are filled in capital letters in the correction form.

All the necessary information must be filled in, and no option should be kept neglected.

Only those documents that are needed as proof should be sent adjacent to the form.

The Aadhar card, which has been corrected, will be sent to the designated address in the Aadhaar card.

The photocopy of the documents must be self-attested by the resident before sending.

Why does the Request for Aadhar Card Correction/Updation Get Rejected?

The request for Aadhaar Card correction/updation gets rejected sometimes, as the UIDAI follows specific provisions to check the details before executing any changes in the Aadhar details. Only when these guidelines are fulfilled, the details on UIDAI’s system get updated. The following requirements should be fulfilled before corrections are made in the Aadhaar details:

  • Junk Data in the request: When the inputted data in the request field is junk or illogical data such as “Aaajjjjj”, “kmlkjf”, AA etc. If no meaningful data is mentioned in the request field.
  • Invalid Documents: When the request is unable to be supported with a valid POI/PoA as guided in the policy.
  • Document Not Legible: When photo and document are not clear (or readable).
  • Document Not-Self Attested: When the document is not self-attested by the resident.
  • Data Mismatch in Document and Update Request: When there is a mismatch in the document uploaded/sent and in entered data in the request by Resident.
  • Transliteration Error in the Request Field: When local language transliteration does not match or found to be incorrect with the data in the uploaded document. The process of translating a word to its phonetic (similar sound) equivalent in another language is known as Transliteration.

In Aadhaar enrollment, all demographic details of the resident are transliterated to the state’s local language where the enrollment happened.

Transliteration Error in the Request Field means that the information provided by the resident at the time of submission in English did not translate to your local language rightly.

Try updating afresh and make sure whatever details are written on the left side in English is getting correctly translated in your local language. Go on the right-hand side to the local language field and retype in English.

You may tweak some of the spelling a little to get the right phonetics and local language correct spelling. Press the tab key if more than one option in the local language appears on the local language field for the word, judge and select the one that is correct. The instructions for transliteration are provided on the same page where data entry is done.

If the mentioned process still does not work, send the updated Request through Post.

  • Photo Mismatch on Aadhaar and POI: When there is a mismatch between the resident’s photo in the Aadhaar database and on the POI document.
  • Mismatch of Age on a document with photo on Aadhaar: When there is a visible mismatch of age between the age-cited photo in the Aadhaar database and in the request field.
  • Update declined: If the resident has declined an update request, on telephonic verification.
  • Verification Call Failed: When the resident is unable to answer all the questions convincingly.
  • Resident Not Reachable: When the resident is unreachable on the contact number in the registered Aadhar Database after three attempts on three separate days.

Aadhar – What is Aadhaar, How to Enrol?, Check Aadhaar Status, Download e Aadhaar

Fill Aadhaar Card Enrolment Form | Content, Steps To Fill and How To Track?

Aadhar: Jan Dhan Yojana, Aadhaar and Mobile number or JAM are assumed to be a reformation that will permit the transfer of benefits in a well-targeted, leakage proof and cashless way. The Aadhaar card is now becoming an essential document which one should have.

This article will talk about how crucial it is to get an Aadhaar card, how to enroll for Aadhaar, how to download e-Aadhaar, and how to check Aadhaar status. JAM trinity alludes to the government of India initiative to link Jan Dhan accounts of Indian to plug the leakages of government subventions.

What is Aadhar?

Aadhaar number is a 12-digit irregular or random number given by the UIDAI (“Authority”) to India’s inhabitants in the wake of fulfilling the confirmation and verification procedure set by the Authority.

Any individual, regardless of age and gender, who is an occupant of India, may deliberately enlist to get an Aadhaar number. Individuals willing to select needs to give insignificant demographic and biometric data during the enrolment procedure, which is thoroughly liberated from cost.

Individual requirements to enroll for Aadhaar just a single time, and after de-duplication, only one Aadhaar will be produced. The uniqueness is accomplished through the cycle of the segment and biometric de-duplication.

Aadhaar number is verifiable in an online, financially savvy way. It is kind and strong enough to dispense with copies. It might be utilized as a primary/essential identifier to carry out various government welfare plans and projects for successful help conveyance, subsequently advancing straightforwardness and excellent administration. This is the only scheme of its sort worldwide. A best-in-class advanced and online Id is being given liberated from cost at a vast scope to individuals and can change the way administration conveyance capacities in the country.

Aadhaar number is without any knowledge and doesn’t profile individuals dependent on caste, religion, pay, wellbeing and geographic location. The Aadhaar card and number is proof of identity, even though it doesn’t present any right of citizenship or habitation regarding an Aadhaar number holder.

Fill Aadhaar Card Enrolment Form, Content, Steps To Fill and How To Track?

Aadhaar is an essential strategy apparatus for social and monetary consideration, public area conveyance changes, overseeing financial spending plans, increment accommodation, and advanced problem-free individuals-driven administration.

Aadhaar can be utilized as a lasting Financial Address and works with monetary consideration of the oppressed and more vulnerable segments of the general public and is a distributive equity and uniformity device.

The Aadhaar identity stage is one of the vital mainstays of the ‘Digital India’, wherein each occupant of the nation is given a novel character. The Aadhaar identity program has effectively accomplished a few achievements and is a long shot of the most considerable biometrics-based distinguishing proof framework globally.

Aadhaar identity platform, with its innate highlights of Uniqueness, Authentication, Financial Address and e-KYC, empowers the Government of India to straightforwardly arrive at the inhabitants of the country in the conveyance of different sponsorships, advantages and administrations by utilizing the occupant’s Aadhaar number as it were.

Aadhaar is connected to plans given by the state or Center, which are either cash moves, endowments or administrations. The public Authority can likewise get to data sets like ICDS, SarvaSikhsha Abhiyan, patient records at the neighbourhood, local or general levels and people through their life.

Significance of Aadhaar

For the significance of Aadhaar you can peruse Aadhaar’s report :

  • The initial move towards giving on the web, between operable, minimal expense installment stage and Aadhaar is expected to utilize it. MicroATMs will be sent by banks either straightforwardly or through specialist co-ops and worked by people.
  • It follows RBI rules for interoperability, mobile banking and uses Kisan Credit Card conspire.
  • You can connect your financial balance to it.
  • Some of the National plans connected to it are Indira AwaasYojna, Integrated Child Development Services; Janani Suraksha Yojna; MNREGA; NREGS; National Social Assistance Program; RashtriyaSwasthyaBimaYojna; Swarnajayanati Gram SwarozgarYojna; SSA; Targeted Public Distribution System.

How to Enrol for Aadhar or Get Aadhar?

  • Aadhaar enrolment is free of price.
  • You can go to any approved Aadhaar enlistment centre anyplace in India with your identity and address evidence.

UIDAI measure acknowledges 18 PoI (Proof of Identity) and 33 PoA (Proof of Address) reports. Regular verifications of personality and address are voter ID.

  • Card, Ration card, passport and driving license.
  • Personal ID cards like PAN cards and Govt ID cards are reasonable for identity evidence. Address verification records likewise incorporate water – power – phone bills from the most recent three months.
  • If by chance you don’t have the above-normal confirmations, the Certificate of Identify having photograph given by Gazetted Officer/Tehsildar on letterhead is additionally acknowledged as PoI. Endorsement of Address having photo provided by MP or MLA/Gazetted Officer/Tehsildar on paper or by Village Panchayat head or its comparable expert (for rural territories) is acknowledged as legitimate PoA.
  • Regardless of whether somebody in a family doesn’t have individual legitimate reports, the inhabitant can, in any case, enlist if his/her name exists in the family privilege document. For this situation, the Head of Family in qualification record should be enrolled first with substantial PoI and PoA archive. The top of the family would then be able to present different individuals in the family while enlisting. UIDAI acknowledges eight archive types as Proof of Relationship.
  • Where there are no reports accessible, the inhabitant may likewise take the assistance of Introducers accessible at the enrolment community. The Registrar tells the Introducers. For additional subtleties, if it’s not too much trouble, contact the office of the concerned Registrar.
  • At the enlistment community, kindly fill your subtleties inside the structure. Your photograph, fingerprints and iris sweep will likewise be taken as a piece of the enrollment. You can survey the information you have given and make rectifications during enrolment itself. You will get an affirmation slip with an impermanent enrolment number and different subtleties caught during enrolment.
  • You need to select just a single time as another enrolment will bring about dismissals. Choosing again is a misuse of your time as you will get just a single Aadhaar number.
  • In light of your data gave, your information will be checked halfway. If your application is fruitful, an Aadhaar number will be created and sent to your location.
  • The sitting tight, an ideal opportunity for Aadhaar may change from 60-90 days after receipt of inhabitant information parcels in CIDR. Notwithstanding, it could take considerably more on the off chance that enrolment is done through NPR workout.

Some Points To Keep In Mind

  • Take a copy of address verification and Identity proof.
  • Convey your verifications.
  • Convey information of bank like Bank Name, Branch Name, IFSC code, Account no. (if you need to connect it during enlistment of bank subtleties with radar itself)
  • Verification of birth record is available with you (just if you wish to say Birth is Verified and not pronounced). Suppose you fill Declared, no need for any verification. Note PAN card isn’t acknowledged as evidence of birth.
  • Have a functioning mobile number to give during enrolment structure.

When the enrolment is over, you will get the affirmation slip. Kindly save the enrolment no., Date with time, complete name and versatile number in an accessible spot. As most of us have smart cell phones with cameras, we would prescribe you to have an examined duplicate of it in mobile or mail.

Online Appointment for Aadhaar Enrolment

The office (pilot) is for booking an arrangement at an Aadhaar Seva Kendra for Aadhaar administrations recorded underneath:

  1. New Aadhaar enrolment
  2. Name Update
  3. Address Update
  4. Mobile No. Update
  5. Email ID Update
  6. Date of Birth Update
  7. Gender orientation Update
  8. (Photograph + Fingerprints + Iris) Update

Prerequisites for Internet Booking of Arrangement

You would require a mobile number (may not be Aadhaar enlisted) and the information of critical documents for booking an appointment. Enlistment for another Aadhaar is free. One citizen can secure a limit of 4 meetings in a month.

What is Aadhar

Step by Step Instructions to Book an Online Arrangement

  • Visit the page https://appointments.uidai.gov.in/bookappointment.aspx.
  • Arrangement booking at UIDAI run Aadhaar Seva Kendra
  • Select the centre name, and snap-on Proceed to book arrangement.
  • Pick the help you need to get to – New Aadhaar or Aadhaar update
  • Fill in your mobile number and enter Captcha and submit. Enter the OTP created to your versatile. On fruitful validation of your portable, a structure to fill in the necessary subtleties is shown. Fill in the essential subtleties and present the design.
  • You can deal with the arrangement subtleties (Date and time) by visiting the Manage appointment tab.
  • Arrangement booking at Registrar runs Aadhaar Seva Kendra.
  • You need to do one-time enrollment with your mobile number.
  • Enter the OTP created and shipped off your mobile number for verification.
  • On successful confirmation, you will be coordinated to fill the structure for booking.

How To Check The Online Status Of Aadhar Enrolment

You can follow your Aadhaar status on the web. To check status, go to https://resident.uidai.net.in/registration status and fill in the information as instructed.

  • Fill in the information of Enrollment ID and Date and Time. If it’s not too much trouble, note Both fields of the structure are required, and you should guarantee that you embed the areas in the proper organization, which is shown just underneath the information field box.
  • You can then enter the picture text (Ex 4767 in the picture underneath) in entering the Security Code. In case you can’t peruse it, you can get another code by tapping on Try another.
  • After filling every one of the sections, click on the Check Status button.

If by chance that you get a blunder, attempt again with the correct information.

Find UID Aadhar Number Or Enrolment Number If It Gets Lost

In case you have lost your AADHAR card Enrollment ID and don’t have any idea about your Aadhar number, you can get the AADHAR card by following these means underneath:

  • Go to https://resident.uidai.net.in/find-uid-eid
  • Select proper choice, Aadhaar No (UID) OR Enrolment No (EID), under You need to get your lost:
  • Enter your complete name
  • Enter your email address
  • Enter your enlisted Mobile Number
  • Enter the security code as shown, and snap on the Get OTP button.
  • Once Password (OTP) will be conveyed to your portable as well as an email address.
  • In the box beneath, enter the OTP you just got on your portable and additionally email address.
  • Tap on Verify OTP.
  • Then you will get a message on your mobile with your AADHAR card number or Enrollment Id as you chose in Step above.

What To Do If You Want To Check Your Aadhar Status Through SMS

You should send an instant message (SMS), UID STATUS <14 Digit EID> to 51969,

You need to send SMS from your enrolled mobile number, a similar which was entered at the hour of your enrolment to 51969

You need your enrolment number for this reason. Kindly eliminate cuts ‘/’ from your enlistment number.

You will, at that point, get the most current status of your Aadhaar as an answer to your SMS on your mobile number. You will get your present Aadhaar status and no other information.

This assistance is given free to you, yet, your mobile operator may charge you standard SMS costs.

How to Download e-Aadhar?

In case you need to download and print an e-Aadhaar card on the web, you need to follow the beneath referenced advances:

  • Step 1: Visit the Aadhar official site https://uidai.gov.in/
  • Step 2: Click on ‘Download Aadhaar’ choice from My Aadhaar alternative or visit the connection https://eaadhaar.uidai.gov.in/
  • Step 3: Select the “Aadhaar” alternative under the “I Have” segment
  • Step 4: Now, enter the 12-digit Aadhaar Number. Tap on ‘I need a covered Aadhaar’ choice on the off chance you need to download Masked Aadhaar.
  • Step 5: Enter Captcha Verification Code and Click the “Send OTP” alternative to get the one-time password on your enrolled mobile number.
  • Step 6: Enter the OTP got on your mobile number.
  • Step 7: Complete the study and snap “Confirm And Download” to download an electronic duplicate of your Aadhaar.
  • Step 8: the secret key ensures an E-Aadhaar card. The password is the Pincode of his private location, and the equivalent can likewise be found on the affirmation slip.

How to Get Aadhar on Mobile?

Give your Enrolment ID (found on the Enrolment slip given to you at the hour of enrolment) to get your Aadhaar on your enrolled portable number. Your enrolled mobile number is equivalent to the one you provided at the hour of enrolment.

You can follow your Aadhaar status on the web. To check status, go to https://resident.uidai.net.in/get-aadhaar-no and fill in subtleties as demonstrated in the structure beneath

  • Fill in the information of Enrollment ID and Date and Time. Kindly note Both fields of the structure are obligatory, and you should guarantee that you embed the areas in a suitable arrangement, which is shown just underneath the information field box.
  • You, at that point, enter the picture text in entering the Security Code. In case you can’t peruse it, you can get another code by tapping on Try another.
  • After filling in every one of the passages, click on the Check Status button.
Procedure for Online Submission of Statement of TDSTCS

Procedure for Online Submission of Statement of TDS/TCS

Procedure for Online Submission of Statement of TDS/TCS: Previously, the deductor/collector had to submit the signed statement for filing TDS/TCS statement physically at the TIN facilitation centres.

In order to overcome this manual process of submission statement physically, CBDT had issued a Notification No. 6/2016 on May 4th 2016, which stated the entire procedure for filing the TDS/TCS statement through online mode from anywhere without having to visit TIN facilitation centres.

Follow the Following Steps for Registering as a Tax Deductor and Collector

The Tax Deductor/Tax Collector must get themselves registered on the Income Tax e-Filing portal as Tax Deductor and Collector.

Step 1: Login into the TRACES website.

Note – One has first to register themselves on Traces if they are have not been registered as a Deductor.

Step 2: Select the option – Register at the E-Filing Site from the Quick Links.

Step 3: The TRACES portal will display the TAN, PAN of the organisation, and the Authorised Person PAN. Please ensure all the details stated are correct and are up to date. Once an individual verifies all the details, click on the option Redirect.

Step 4: One is now redirected to the e-Filing portal, and various information will get auto-filled based on the TRACES portal. Therefore, no one is needed to set up their password and enter other details such as the security questions, email address, mobile number, contact details etc.

Note – One may be getting some error of session time out at the time of redirecting to the e-Filing portal. One has to log out from the TRACES website and then again login into such a scenario. The registration process now is very much similar to the average taxpayer registration.

Step 5: Enter the OTP’s which one has received on email or mobile number and click on the Validate option.

Step 6 – Once the OTP’s have been validated, one will receive a confirmation screen, and now they have to log into the Organisation e-Filing account to approve this request.

Step 7: Select Worklist -> For One’s Action, once they have logged into the Organisation e-Filing portal.

Step 8: One is now needed to click on the Click here option for the Approval/Modification of the Tax Deductor and Tax Collector Registration.

Step 9: Every detail for the new registration is going to be shown on the screen. No one is needed to click on the TAN number for approving this request.

Step 10: All the needed relevant details, such as the authorised officer’s name, contact details, etc., is going to be shown. Please make sure to enter the comment for one’s reference and click on Approve to complete the Tax Deductor and Collector registration.

Follow the following Steps for Uploading TDS/TCS Statement

Step 1: Login to the e-Filing portal account using the credential provided as Tax Deductor and Tax Collector.

Step 2: Select the TDS -> Upload the TDS from the top menu

Step 3: Select the applicable details as needed for the TDS/TCS statement one is going to upload and click on the Validate option.


  • The TDS/TCS statement can be submitted starting from the financial year 2010-11
  • Initially, an only regular statements can be uploaded from the e-Filing portal, but now you can also upload a correction statement.
  • One can submit the following listed form via the e-Filing site.
  • Form Number 24Q – Quarterly statement for TDS of Salary u/s 200(3)
  • Form Number 26Q – Quarterly statement for TDS of Other than Salary u/s 200(3)
  • Form Number 27Q – Quarterly statement for TDS of Non-Resident (Apart from Salary) u/s 200(3)
  • Form Number 27EQ – Quarterly statement for TCS u/s 206C
  • The statement that has already been submitted through TIN-FC/NSDL must not be uploaded again in the e-Filing portal.

Step 4: Once the details have been validated, one is not needed to upload the TDS(.zip) File and then click on the e-verify option.

Step 5: One will get the different option to e-verify TDS/TCS statement.

Step 6: Select the appropriate option for e-verify the TDS/TCS statement, and the TDS return is going to be filed.

Follow the Following Steps to Track the Status of the Submitted TDS/TCS Statement

Step 1: Login to the e-Filing portal account using the credential as a Tax Deductor and Tax Collector.

Step 2: Select TDS -> View the Filed TDS from the top menu

Step 3: Select the relevant details for searching of TDS/TCS statement status and click on the View Details

Step 4: All the applicable TDS/TCS statements are going to be shown along with the current situation.

Step 5: If the statement shows the status as Rejected, click on the Token Number for finding out the reason for rejection.

Step 6: If the statement shows the status as Accepted, click on the Token Number for downloading the Provisional Receipt.

NSC – National Saving Certificate

NSC – National Saving Certificate | Features and Benefits of National Saving Certificate

NSC – National Saving Certificate: There are many options available when we take about investments. One can choose any according to their financial goals. National Savings Certificate (NSC), is a post office savings product, is a well-known option. As a low-risk investment, it is accompanied by a number of benefits.

What is the National Savings Certificate?

The National Savings Certificate or NSC is a fixed income investment scheme that one can open with any post office branch. The plan is an initiative by the Government of India. It is a savings bond that encourages subscribers – majorly small to mid-income investors – to invest and save on income tax.

A fixed-income instrument such as Public Provident Fund and Post Office FDs, this scheme are also a low-risk fixed-income product. One can choose to buy it from the nearest post office in their name, for a minor or accompanied by another adult like a joint account. NSC happens with a five years fixed maturity period. There is no such maximum limit on the purchase of NSCs. However, only investments of up to Rs.1.5 lakh can earn one a tax break under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act. The certificates make a fixed interest, which is currently at a rate of 6.8% per year. The interest rate is revised regularly by the government.

Who Should be Investing in NSC?

Any individual looking for a safe investment avenue for earning a steady interest along with saving on taxes could choose to invest in NSC. NSC provides guaranteed interest along with complete capital protection. However, just like most fixed income schemes, they are not able to deliver inflation-beating returns such as tax-saving mutual funds and National Pension System. The Government of India has made NSC easily accessible for prospective investors by making it available in the post office branches spread across the subcontinent.

The government has helped promote the National Savings Certificate (NSC) as a savings scheme for people. Hence, Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs) and trusts are not allowed to invest in it. Further, even non-resident Indians (NRI) are not permitted to purchase NSC certificates. Therefore, the scheme is open only for individual Indian resident citizens.

Features & Benefits of NSC

  1. Fixed income: Currently, the scheme generates a guaranteed return rate of 6.8% for investors. The returns offered by the NSC have usually been higher than FDs.
  2. Types: Originally, the scheme had two different types of certificates known as NSC VIII Issue and NSC IX Issue. The NSC IX Issue was discontinued by the government in December 2015. Hence, only the NSC VIII Issue is currently open for subscription.
  3. Tax saver: As a government-backed tax-saving scheme, one can choose to claim up to Rs 1.5 lakh under the provisions of Section 80C of the Income Tax Act from the year 1961.
  4. Start small: One can invest as low as Rs 1,000 (or multiples of Rs 100) as a beginning investment and increase the amount when possible.
  5. Interest rate: Currently, the interest rate is 6.8% p.a. This is revised by the government every quarter. It gets compounded annually However is going to be payable during maturity.
  6. Maturity period: The maturity period for the scheme is five years.
  7. Access: By submitting the essential documents and undergoing the verification process of KYC, one can obtain this scheme from any post office. Also, it is straightforward to transfer the certificate from one branch of a post office to another.
  8. Loan collateral: NBFCs and Banks accept NSC as security or collateral for secured loans. To do this, a transfer stamp must be put on the certificate by the concerned postmaster and transfer to the bank.
  9. Power of compounding: The interest one earn on their investment gets reinvested and compounded by default, though the returns do not conquer inflation.
  10. Nomination: In the unfortunate event of the investor’s demise, the investor can nominate a family member (even a minor) to inherit it.
  11. Corpus after maturity: Upon maturity, one will receive the entire maturity value. Since on NSC payouts, there is no TDS, the subscriber should pay the applicable tax on it.
  12. Premature withdrawal: Generally, one cannot exit or discard the scheme early. However, in unusual and exceptional cases like the death of an investor or, if there is a court order for it, they accept it.

Tax Benefits of NSC Investment

Under Section 80C, investments of up to Rs 1.5 lakh can earn the subscriber a tax rebate in the National Savings Certificate. Furthermore, the interest made on the certificates is further added back to the initial investment, and for a tax break, the person gets to qualify as well.

For instance, if one purchase certificates worth Rs 1,000, then the person is eligible for a tax rebate on that amount of initial investment in the first year. But in the second year, on the NSC investment(s), one can claim a tax deduction that year as well as the interest gained in the first year. This is because the interest is compounded annually and gets added to the original investment.

Comparing NSC with Other Tax-saving Investments

According to the Income Tax Act’s Section 80C, 1961, the option of NSC is made available for one of the tax-saving investment. The other conventional options are National Pension System (NPS), Public Provident Fund (PPF), Tax-saving Fixed Deposits (FD) and Equity Linked Savings Schemes (ELSS).

Investment Interest Lock-in Period Risk Profile

  • NSC at 6.8% p.a. for 5 years has a Low-risk profile
  • ELSS funds Market-linked, historical returns show at 12% to 15% p.a. for 3 years has a Market-related risks profile
  • PPF at 7.1% p.a. for 15 years has a Low-risk profile
  • NPS Market-linked, historical returns show at 8% to 10% p.a. Till retirement has a Market-related risks profile
  • FD at 4% to 6% p.a. for 5 years has a Low-risk profile

As now you gather some knowledge of NSC, and if you are looking for tax deductions and capital protection under Section 80C, then you can consider investing in NSC.

TDS TCS Certificate

TDS TCS Certificate

TDS TCS Certificate: TDS stands for Tax Deduction at Source, and TCS stands for Tax Collection at Source.

Form 16/16 A are the certificates of TDS and TCS which the employer issues on behalf of the employees.TDS and TCS provide a detailed description of the various transactions between deductor and deductee. Taxpayers have to issue the TDS and TCS Certificates. It is mandatory for them.

These two certificates to be issued in the following manner:-

Under Section 194 1A, Form number 16 B is for TDS and Form number 16 for TDS.from Salary.

There are some time limits for issuing the TDS. These limits are as follow-

  1. Form Number 16 is limited for an annual period, and the due date is on or before 31st May of the financial year.
  2. Form Number 16 A/27 B is limited to a four-month (quarterly) period, and the due date for Form 16 A /27 B is within 15 days from the due date of furnishing quarterly TDS and TCS.
  3. Form Number 16 B has no period limits, and the due date for Form 16 B is within 15 days of furnishing challan in Form Number 26 QB.

Verification of TDS Certificate (16/16A)

Taxpayers can verify their TDS certificates online by visiting the TDS CPC government website.

Step 1: Visit the official website of Income Tax Department  tdscpc.gov.in/app/tapn/tdstcscredit.xhtml

Step 2: There is a Captcha; enter that Captcha and click on the “Proceed” button.

Step 3: Fill in all the required details like TAN of Deduction, PAN, TDS certificate number, Financial Year, Source of Income, and the TDS amount deducted as mentioned in the certificate. After filling in all the required details, click on the “Validate” button.

Step 4: You can also check TDS and TCS credit by giving some more details like PAN of the Deductee, TAN of Deductor, Financial Year, Type of return and press on the “Go” button.

Digging Into The Most Popular Tv Reality Show "Bigg Boss"

Digging Into The Most Popular Tv Reality Show “Bigg Boss”

What Is Bigg Boss?

Bigg Boss is a reality show which takes place on the Indian platform. It is a television game show, which took its inspiration from Big Brother, an American TV show. This show is currently produced by Endemol Shine and two other production houses, namely Star India and Viacom 18.

This show is now being made available on various other OTT platforms like Voot or Disney+ Hotstar. This show is hosted in seven languages in India, including Hindi, Marathi, Bengali, Kannada, etc.

Salman Khan currently hosts this show. But earlier, the show was hosted by other celebrities like Shilpa Shetty, Farah Khan, Arshad Warsi, and even Amitabh Bachchan. This show began in India in 2006.

Sony TV was the first platform to have aired this show. But later on, in 2008, the show went to the Colors channel. Bigg Boss is known for some of the most peculiar controversies. Almost 70 cameras record the day-to-day activities of the inmates who stay in the house.

The format of the show is unique. A group of people lives together for almost 90 days. These people are called housemates. The housemates stay isolated from whatever happens in the outside world and survive in a specially constructed house for them. These people have to perform their daily household activities.

There are specific tasks provided by the ‘Bigg Boss’ every week. This house has no forms of entertainment, like TV or Computer. The housemates are forbidden to even take in their cellphones. This house has neither clocks nor a calendar. The only form of entertainment that is available to them is fighting amongst themselves or the tasks given to them.

Every week the housemates nominate people they want out of the house. It is in the hands of the audience to save the nominees.

What Is Bigg Boss

Knowing About Bigg Boss 13

Bigg Boss Tedah, which is commonly known to the audience by Bigg Boss 13, is the most recent addition to the most-hyped reality show. This season came to Colors TV on 29th September 2019 and was hosted by Salman Khan.

This season gained much popularity and was continued for 140 days. Unlike the other few seasons, there will be no commoners to be seen in the house. Apart from the 13 housemates, who initially came to the house, this season saw the entry of 12 wildcard contestants in the weeks following its premiere.

Another eye-catching feature of this season was Ameesha Patel. She played the role of a connecting link between the housemates and the host. Her entry to the show portrayed her as the ‘malkin’ (owner) of the house. Like the many previous seasons, this season also had major twists, like the BB Elite Club.

Who Are Predicted To Win Bigg Boss 13?

Season 13 of Bigg Boss was perhaps the most successful. This season was extremely hyped for. Among the favourites of the crowd are the following:

  • Rashmi Desai is a familiar face in TV soaps. She is mainly known for her fantastic role of ‘Tapasya’ in Uttaran.
  • Paras Chhabra is a model. He also made appearances in various shows like Splitsvilla.
  • Sidharth Shukla is a well-known actor. He also participated in other reality shows like Fear Factor, Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa 6.
  • Asim Riaz is also a very renowned model.
  • Shehnaaz Gill, who is also an actress and a Punjabi singer.

Highlights Of Bigg Boss 13

The major highlights of this season were:

  • A long list of wild card contestants.
  • The violence of Sidharth Shukla in the ‘Snakes and Ladder’ task. Shehnaaz Gill getting slapped by Devoleena Bhattacharjee.
  • The fight between Rashmi Desai and Sidharth Shukla.

How Much Do The Contestants Earn From Bigg Boss 13?

In the 13th season of this controversial show, the makers outdid themselves. They brought in some of the most famous faces, and we could not be more sure that they were offered significant amounts of money. Let’s get to know who got the highest amount of money and who received the lowest!

First, let’s see how much the host gets from this show. Salman Khan, who has been hosting this show for quite some time, received about 13 crore INR per week.

The highest amounts of money went to three contestants. These three people were Rashmi Desai, Devoleena Bhattacharjee and Sidharth Shukla. Rashmi Desai, a well-known face in the TV soaps, is receiving 15 lakhs per week. Sidharth Shukla, on the other hand, is reported to be paid 12 lakhs every week.

Devoleena Bhattacharjee, who is also a TV actress, was receiving 12 lakhs every week as well. This Bengali beauty is known for her role in Saath Nibhaana Saathiya, which aired on Star Plus. Unfortunately, due to some health problems, she had to quit the show.

Shehnaaz Gill is a very well-known face in the Punjabi music industry. She rose to fame in the music video made by Garry Sandhu. She has starred in movies like Daaka. Shehnaaz, also known as the Katrina Kaif of Punjab, was paid 4.5 lakhs every week for her presence in the show.

Another TV actress, Arti Singh, was also on the show. She has starred in famous TV soaps like Uttaran, along with Rashmi Desai, Udaan etc. Every week she was being paid 1.3 lakhs INR.

Splitsvilla, famed Paras Chhabra, was receiving 65,000 rupees every week. Although he became very popular after the show, Paras received the second-lowest amount among all the other contestants. He was evicted from the show due to specific health issues.

Mahira Sharma is known for being a famous face in TV soaps. She did splendid performances in soaps like Naagin 3 or Kundali Bhagya. She is, however, getting more amount than Paras Chhabra and is reportedly receiving INR 90,000 every week. She was very popular on Tik-Tok as well.

Asim Riaz is another famous face in this show. He is a model who hails from Kashmir. Although he has gained much popularity and fame from the show, he is the lowest-paid housemate. He is charging INR 60,000 only for his participation.

Shefali Bagga is the first-ever news anchor to have participated in this show. She is a news anchor for the top-rated news show Tez. This news anchor is charging 1 lakh INR every week.

Siddharth Dey, who is a writer, is very close to the show host Salman Khan. He is known for writing scripts for reality shows. His remuneration for the performance was two lakhs per week.

How Much Did The Wildcard Contestants Get From Bigg Boss 13?

Among the wildcard contestants, Arhaan Khan was catching the eye for being romantically involved with Rashmi Desai. He is reportedly getting paid about INR 1.2 lakhs for each week of his stay in the house. Shefali Jariwala is another Indian actress on the show who is taking home about 7.5 lakhs each week.

To spice up the house with fights and controversies, the show-makers brought in Himanshi Khurana. She is also a singer in the Punjabi music industry. Although she was soon eliminated, Himanshi Khurana bagged INR 4 lakhs per week.

Madhurima Tuli and Vishal A Singh were a couple earlier. This duo rocked the show with their constant fights and made significant headlines out of it. While Vishal A Singh was reportedly taking home a hefty amount of 8 lakhs a week, Madhurima Tuli was charging five lakhs INR per week.

Status Of Housemates

How Much Did The Evicted Contestants Get?

Among the evicted contestants, there was Koena Mitra, Dalljiet Kaur, Abu Malik. Koena Mitra, who rose to fame with movies like Musafir or Road, was being paid 2.5 lakhs each week. The younger brother of well-known singer Anu Malik, Abu Malik, was receiving INR 80,000 per week.

Dalljiet Kaur is a TV actress who was receiving 1.5 lakh every week. Dalljiet Kaur and Koena Mitra were the first housemates to be evicted from this show. Later on, Abu was also ousted in the following week.

Status Of Housemates

Housemates Entry Day Exit Day Result
Sidharth Shukla Day 1 Day 140 Winner
Asim Riaz Day 1 Day 140 1st Runner-up
Shehnaaz Gill Day 1 Day 140 2nd Runner-up
Rashami Desai Day 1 Day 35 Evicted
Day 40 Day 140 3rd Runner-up
Arti Singh Day1 Day 140 4th Runner-up
Paras Chhabra Day 1 Day 67 Walked
Day 72 Day 140 5th Runner-up
Shefali Bagga Day 1 Day 35 Evicted
Day 65 Day 99 Evicted by housemates
Mahira Sharma Day 1 Day 136 Evicted
Madhurima Tuli Day 65 Day 112 Ejected
Vishal Aditya Singh Day 43 Day 128 Evicted
Vikas Pathak (Hindustani Bhau) Day 36 Day 78 Evicted
Shefali Jariwala Day 36 Day 119 Evicted
Arhaan Khan Day 36 Day 50 Evicted
Day 65 Day 92 Evicted
Himanshi Khurana Day 36 Day 71 Evicted
Khesari Lal Yadav Day 36 Day 57 Evicted by housemates
Devoleena Bhattacharjee Day 1 Day 35 Evicted
Day 40 Day 63 Walked Out
Tehseen Poonawalla Day 36 Day 42 Evicted
Koena Mitra Day 1 Day 14 Evicted
Siddhartha Dey Day 1 Day 30 Evicted
Dalljiet Kaur Day 1 Day 13 Evicted
Abu Malik Day 1 Day 22 Evicted by housemates

Knowing About Bigg Boss 12

Season twelve of the Indian TV reality series Bigg Boss is based on the Dutch series ‘Big Brother’. It was first premiered on September 16, 2018, on the TV channel Colors. The title was set ‘Bigg Night’ for the launch episode. For consecutively nine times in a row, the season was hosted by Salman Khan.

The theme ‘Vichitra Jodis’ (strange pairs) was followed, and there will be six pairs who will enter the show. Though the celebrities are joining the show in pairs they are participating solo. They will be locked inside the beach-themed house with 89 cameras recording them 24X7 for more than 100 days.

List of Participants of Bigg Boss 12

The list of participants is presented below in the order of appearance, and entries in the house are as follows:

Karanvir Bohra – Karanvir is a television actor and television reality star who is the son of producer, filmmaker and director Mahendra Bohra and grandson of actor-producer Ramkumar Bohra. Karanvir is known for his performances in the film ‘Tejaa’ and the television show ‘Just Mohabbat’.

He also performed in ‘Shararat’, ‘Kyu Ki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi’, ‘Kasautii Zindagii Kay’, ‘Dil Se Di Dua…’, ‘Saubhagyavati Bhava?’, ‘Qubool Hai’ and ‘Naagin 2’. He was also seen participating in reality shows like ‘Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa 6’, ‘Fear Factor: Khatron Ke Khiladi 5’ and ‘Nach Baliye 4’. ₹20 lakh per week was charged by him for the Bigg Boss show.

Sourabh Patel – Comes from the background of a farmer family. He is also a struggling actor and has worked as an Assistant Casting Director for many television shows.

Shivashish Mishra – He is a Model, Businessman and a struggling actor. He has performed for a role in the show ‘Sankat Mochan Mahabali Hanuman’. He charged a salary of ₹1.7 lakh per week along with Sourabh Patel.

Dipika Kakar – She is seen as a television actress and is a known household name for her role as Simar Dwivedi Bhardwaj on the show in Colours TV with the title of ‘Sasural Simar Ka’. She was also a participant in ‘Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa 8’ in 2015. In 2017, she was seen as a participant in ‘Nach Baliye’ along with her husband, Shoaib Ibrahim. She entered the Bollywood industry with the patriotic film Paltan (2018). She charged a salary of ₹15 lakh per week for the show.

Romil Chaudhary – A Lawyer by profession from Haryana, was evicted from the show on day 14 along with Nirmal Singh. He re-entered the show, pairing up with Surbhi Rana. He charged a salary of ₹50,000 per week.

Nirmal Singh – He is a Policeman from Haryana and was evicted from the show on day 14 along with Romil Chaudhary. He charged a salary of ₹40,000 per week.

Neha Pendse – She is a television and film actress who is known for her role as Sanjana in the comedy show on Life OK with the title ‘May I Come In Madam?’ She also played her role in the comedy show ‘Family Time With Kapil Sharma’. She has also performed in popular films like ‘Devdas’, ‘Dil Toh Baccha Hai Ji’ and many Marathi movies. A salary of ₹20 lakh per week was charged by her for the show.

Anup Jalota – He is a famous singer who has sung for Hindi films occasionally was seen participating in the show with his present girlfriend, Jasleen. He was also seen as a host for a Star Plus show with the title ‘Dharam Aur Hum’. He charged a salary of ₹45 lakh per week.

Jasleen Matharu – She is a small-time singer and is the girlfriend of the famous singer, Anup Jalota. Her singing career began with Sukhvinder Singh on the song ‘Naachunga Saari Raat’. She charged a salary of ₹3-4 lakh per week.

Srishty Rode – A television actress by profession can be seen on multiple television shows such as ‘Yeh Ishq Haaye’ as Manjari, ‘Saraswatichandra’, ‘Punar Vivah-Ek Nayi Umeed’. She was also seen on the reality show ‘Box Cricket League’ and popular TV serial ‘Ishqbaaz’.

Somi Khan – She is a sales manager as well as an actress by profession. She participated in this popular television show along with her sister Saba Khan.

Saba Khan – She is the sister of Somi khan and is an actress and a front office manager in a Hotel. Earlier, she worked with a five-star chain of hotels, including Alila Fort Bishangarh, Taj Group, etc. She and her sister both charged a salary of ₹30,000 per week.

Deepak Thakur – He is a singer by profession and sang songs in Bollywood movies for the famous director Anurag Kashyap. He charged a salary of ₹1 lakh per week along with Urvashi Vani.

Urvashi Vani- She is also a singer by profession and is known as Deepak Thakur’s fangirl.

Kriti Verma – She is a GST Inspector by profession. She is seen as a participant on MTV Roadies Season 15 who was evicted on day 13 along with Roshmi Banik. She charged a salary of ₹45,000 per week.

Roshmi Banik – A business women by profession who was evicted along with Kriti Verma on day 13. She charged a salary of ₹35,000 per week.

Sreesanth– He is a Former Indian cricketer, a reality show star, a politician and presently an actor. In 2014 he was seen participating in ‘Jhalak Dikhhla Jaa’. He was seen actively participating in politics, and currently, he is seen as an actor. He acted in the movie ‘Aksar 2’ and will be debuting in the Mollywood movie industry (Kerala movies). He charged a salary of ₹5 lakh per week.

Surbhi Rana – She is a Dentist by profession and was also a contestant in MTV Roadies Season 15. She entered the show on day 14, pairing up with Romil Chaudhary as Wild Card entrant.

Rohit Suchanti- He is a television actor by profession and was appreciated for his performance in shows like ‘Saath Nibhaana Saathiya’ and ‘Rishta Likhenge Hum Naya’.

Megha Dhade- She is a Marathi film and a television actress who performed in shows like ‘Kasautii Zindagi Kay’, ‘Kasturi’ and ‘Pehchaan’. She was also the winner of ‘Bigg Boss Marathi’, which was the first season of the Bigg Boss in Marathi.

Status Of Housemates

Housemates Entry Day Exit Day Result
Dipika Kakar Day1 Day 105 Winner
S. Sreesanth Day 1 Day 105 1st Runner-up
Deepak Thakur Day 1 Day 105 2nd Runner-up
Romil Choudhary Day 1 Day 105 3rd Runner-up
Karanvir Bohra Day 1 Day 105 4th Runner-up
Somi Khan Day 1 Day 98 Evicted
Shivashish Mishra Day 1 Day 62 Ejected
Saba Khan Day 1 Day 42 Evicted
Urvashi Vani Day 1 Day 62 Evicted by housemates
Anup Jalota Day 1 Day 42 Evicted
Neha Pendse Day 1 Day 28 Evicted
Kriti Verma Day 1 Day 13 Evicted
Nirmal Singh Day 1 Day 14 Evicted
Roshmi Banik Day 1 Day 13 Evicted
Surbhi Rana Day 14 Day 102 Evicted
Megha Dhade Day 36 Day 84 Evicted
Rohit Suchanti Day 36 Day 91 Evicted

Knowing About Bigg Boss 11

Knowing About Bigg Boss 11

The eleventh season of ‘Bigg Boss’ titled ‘Bigg Boss 11’ is an Indian TV reality series that began telecasting on October 16, 2016, on the television channel Colors. The season is being hosted by Salman Khan for the eighth time.

The participants launched in the show were seven celebrities who were termed as ‘Celebrities’ and ‘Indiawale’ and eight common people. The theme of this season is based on ‘Love Thy Neighbour’, where celebrities pitted against the common people.

Status Of Housemates

Housemates Entry Day Exit Day Result
Shilpa Shinde Day 1 Day 105 Winner
Hina Khan Day 1 Day 105 1st Runner-up
Vikas Gupta Day 1 Day 105 2nd Runner-up
Puneesh Sharma Day 1 Day 105 3rd Runner-up
Priyank Sharma Day 1 Day 6 Ejected
Day 26 Day90 Evicted
Akash Dadlani Day 1 Day 102 Evicted
Arshi Khan Day 1 Day 83 Evicted
Luv Tyagi Day 1 Day 98 Evicted
Hiten Tejawani Day 1 Day 77 Evicted by Housemates
Sapna Choudhary Day 1 Day 55 Evicted
Bandgi Kalra Day 1 Day 63 Evicted
Benafsha Soonawalla Day 1 Day 49 Evicted
Mehjabi  Siddiqui Day 1 Day 42 Evicted
Jyoti  Kumari Day 1 Day 28 Evicted
Dhinchak Pooja Day 21 Day 35 Evicted
Lucinda Nicholas Day 1 Day 15 Evicted by Housemates
Zubair Khan Day 1 Day 7 Evicted
Shivani Durga Day 1 Day 14 Evicted

Contestants Selected In Bigg Boss Padosi House

The selected contestants played the role of padosis and were going to rule the Bigg Boss padosi house for a couple of days. The sole decision that whether a contestant deserves to stay in the house or not was decided by them. The contestants are given below:

  1. Mehjabi Siddiqui is a social worker by profession.
  2. Sabyasachi Satpathy is a well-known TV personality from Odisha. He was a commoner contestant and was a part of the padosi team.
  3. Luv Tyagi is a computer engineer by profession who was a part of the padosi team.
  4. Lucinda Nicholas is an Australian actor, model, and yoga trainer by profession who was a part of the padosi team.

The authority and power that were provided are given below:

  1. They have also given the power of questioning contestants regarding the past background of contestants on the show.
  2. They have given the responsibility of keeping an eye on other contestants.
  3. The power to call the house was given to Luv Tyagi.
  4. The power to eliminate any housemate was not given to padosis. Elimination power was solely in the hands of the viewer.
  5. They had the authority to ask for food from the Main House.
  6. They were provided with a landline phone.

Hosting Fees Of Salman Khan for Bigg Boss

Bollywood Superstar Salman Khan had been hosting the Bigg Boss show since the fourth season. He has also become the highest-paid television actor. According to media reports, it is known that he was charging ₹14 crores per episode for hosting the Bigg Boss 12, which was the twelfth season of the show. The previous season he charged ₹11 crores per episode.

Superstar Salman Khan was approximately paid around ₹6-8 crores per episode for Big Boss 10. Therefore the hike in fees was about 30 percent as compared to the last season. According to media houses, it was reported that a sum of ₹5 crores per episode was charged by him for Bigg Boss 7.

But according to internal sources of the superstar, he was charging more than ₹5 crores for hosting the episodes. Let’s assume that the average payment was ₹5 crores still; he would be earning a whopping ₹130 crores for 26 episodes of Bigg Boss 7.

Fees Charged To Contestants for Participating In Big Boss

The channel policies say that ‘We do not reveal payment details of the celebrities’. The prize money amount is paid to the winner of the show. Contestants receive their fee payment weekly, and the amount of fees depends on their popularity. According to the show, the longer a contestant survives in the show, the more is the payment of fees weekly.

The celebrities are paid a certain amount after signing in for the show. There are three categories in which the contestants are divided which are top-level, mid-level and bottom level.

In addition, some contestants also earn a massive amount before entering the house. After they successfully complete a month in the house or upon reaching the final, their payments are raised.

According to the reports from the industry that after the incident from Bigg Boss 5, where Akashdeep Saigal threatened to walk out of the show, the production house and the channel took a dig into their policies. The clauses of the contracts were updated, which now state that if a contestant leaves the show by their own will, he or she will have to pay the penalty to the channel and production house in amounts running into crores. The above report was informally confirmed by Kushal Tandon, a Bigg Boss 7 contestant, in his interview.

Categories Of Contestants And Their Weekly Payment On Bigg Boss

  • Top-level: This category is reserved for the most popular and famous contestants on the show. The weekly fee of these contestants is the highest. The weekly amount starts from ₹5 lakh and can end anywhere between ₹20-30 lakh. Prince Narula, Aman Verma, Rimi Sen from Big Boss 9 are contestants who have received such high payments.
  • Mid-level: This level is for those contestants who are slightly more popular than those of the bottom level. The weekly fee for contestants of this category starts from ₹4 lakh. People like Yuvika Chaudhary, Rochelle Rao, or Vikas Bhalla from Big Boss 9 falls under this category
  • Bottom level: The contestants whose popularities are least fall under this category. The weekly fee is the minimum for those under this category, where the minimum amount is set at a whopping ₹3 lakh per week. For example, a contestant named Arvind Vegda from Big Boss 9 falls under this category.
  • Special fee: The contestants, before entering the house, decide their weekly fees, but some contestants negotiate their payment and promise content and drama on the show that the makers consider.

Weekly Payment Of The Contestants Of Bigg Boss 11

Hina Khan: A television actress by profession, Hina Khan, is famous for her role on the TV serial ‘Yeh Rishta Kya Kehlata Hai’. She is reportedly paid around ₹7-8 lakh per week for the show. She was a controversial contestant because of flipping sides and for her know-it-all attitude.

Hiten Tejwani: He is a known television and film actor and is famous for his roles in ‘Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi’, ‘Balika Vadhu’, ‘Pavitra Rishta’ and ‘Gangaa’. He is also known as he was questioned by Salman Khan for why he was not taking a stand for other contestants. He is reportedly paid around ₹7-7.5 lakh per week.

Shilpa Shinde: A television actress by profession, Shilpa is known for her role in ‘Bhabi Ji Ghar Par Hain’. She is paid a weekly fee of around ₹6-7 lakh. The actress had been seen from the very beginning locking horns with Vikas Gupta and entertaining the viewers with her antics–like when she escaped the jail to put a chappal near Vikas’s head.

Vikas Gupta: He is a producer and was the head of channels from MTV India who also managed the role of Head Creative Producer for the show ‘Kyunki Saas Bhi Kabhi Bahu Thi’. He was paid around ₹6-6.5 lakh per week. Vikas had been the headline in the news for one fight or the other. He was seen fighting with Akash, Hina, Shilpa, and the list goes on. He also attempted to escape the house, which is undoubtedly providing Colors TV with a lot of content.

Priyank Sharma: He is a model, dancer and television reality star who is known for participating in MTV Splitsvilla and MTV Roadies. He was evicted, but he was reportedly paid ₹4-5 lakh per week for the show. He was hardly seen in the house except for one big fight that led to his eviction from the show.

Benafsha Soonawalla and Arshi Khan were reportedly getting a decent amount per week for the show.

Sapna Chaudhary and Shivani Durga were also reportedly being paid around ₹20,000 per week for the show.

Payment Amount Of The Contestants Of Big Boss 10

Rahul Dev and Gurbani Judge were reportedly the highest-paid celebrities on the Big Boss 10 show. Television actor Karan Mehra of ‘Yeh Rishta Kya Kehlaata Hai’, due to his popularity, was getting paid a whopping ₹1 crore for the show.

Gurbani Judge, also known as VJ Bani, who participated in the show for the eighth time, negotiated her payment with the makers at ₹1.5 crores for the show. Rahul Dev also accepted the show after negotiation for a staggering ₹2 crore, just like the scene of Rimi Sen two years back.

Antara Biswas was the least paid celebrity contestant. Rohan Mehra was paid higher than Lopamudra Raut, who was paid less than what was paid to Gaurav Chopra.

Payment Amount Of The Contestants Of Bigg Boss Season 7

It was reportedly known that the standard amount was ₹8 lakhs per week, ₹30 lakhs for those who will survive a month and a whopping ₹1 crore for those contestants who will survive up to the last day. As per reports, the contestants were paid the following amount:

  • Tanisha Mukherjee received a payment of ₹7.5 lakhs per week.
  • Gauhar Khan received a weekly payment of ₹6 lakhs.
  • Armaan Kohli received ₹5 lakhs per week for the show.
  • Kushal Tandon also received ₹5 lakhs for the show.
  • Pratyusha Banerjee was paid ₹4 lakhs per week for the show.
  • Kamya Punjabi was paid a weekly payment of ₹3.5 lakhs.
  • Sangram Singh received a payment of ₹3 lakhs for the show.
  • Andy was also paid ₹3 lakhs for the show.
  • Ajaz Khan was reportedly paid the same amount, i.e. ₹3 lakhs per week for the show.
  • Sofia Hayat was paid ₹1.5 lakhs per week for the show.
  • Elli Avram also received a payment of ₹1 lakh for the show.

</aPayment Amount Of The Contestants Of Bigg Boss 6

According to some news articles, contestants of Bigg Boss 6 received a good amount of money for the show.

Ex-cricketer Navjot Singh Sidhu was paid ₹4 lakh per week, while popular television actors like Delnaaz Irani and Urvashi Dholakia received payment of ₹2.5 lakh per week. Vrajesh Hirjee, Rajev Paul, Aashka Goradia, and Sayanti Ghosh were paid ₹2 lakh per week.

Other contestants like cartoonist Aseem Trivedi, Karisma Kotak, Niketan Madhok, Sampat Pal and hairstylist Sapna Bhavani were paid around ₹1-2 lakh a week.

Foreign celebrities visiting the show Baywatch star Pamela Anderson received a whopping ₹2.5 crore for a three-day visit to the house. Other contestants, like wrestler Khali, were paid ₹40-50 lakh per week. Pakistani Actor Veena Malik and Dolly Bindra made Rs. 2 lakh per week. Shweta Tiwari was reportedly the highest-paid Indian actor on the show Rs.5 lakh per week.

Amount Paid By Sponsors Of Bigg Boss

Amount Paid By Sponsors Of Bigg Boss

Big brands from various categories had been sponsoring the show for quite a number of years. Vodafone has to hold on to the position of title sponsor for the past four seasons, while L’Oreal has been the associate sponsor for the same period.

The title sponsor, Vodafone, paid ₹20-25 crore for Bigg Boss 7. The ‘powered by’ sponsor reportedly pays 25 percent less money than the presenting sponsor brand. Each of the associate sponsors of the show pays ₹12-15 crore.

The popularity of the Bigg Boss show can be ascertained by the fact that the show uploads all its episodes of 45 minutes on YouTube with eight advertisements which viewers cannot skip after telecasting them on television.

How Much Money Does The TV Channel Earn From Bigg Boss?

The number of investments relating to promotion, production and marketing is huge for reality shows like Bigg Boss. Sony decided to leave the show after losing money. This was when Colors took up the show.

According to CEO Raj Nayak, they were losing money on the reality show. Still, they bring it back season after season while recovering only 70-80 percent of their investment.

The Bigg Boss House is built specifically for every season. The Big Boss House for season 7 is located in Lonavala, Pune district of Maharashtra, while the Bigg Boss House for season 5 is located in Karjat.

The construction of the sets for Bigg Boss commences six months before the show goes on-air. After the launch, around 300-350 people work for about 100 days to successfully telecast the show. A bus tour available of Bigg Boss House of season 6 with a ticket price of ₹2,000 per person. The money collected through such tours was donated to Salman Khan’s NGO ‘Being Human.

With an expenditure of ₹1.2 crores per episode, the estimated cost of the show stands at ₹110-115 crore, with the Indian Premier League in the second in terms of the costliest television properties.

Big Synergy’s popular game show ‘Kaun Banega Crorepati’ on Sony Entertainment Television was made at an approximate expenditure of ₹75-80 crore (nearly Rs 2 crore per episode). This makes Bigg Boss the costliest property in regards to the cost of production per episode. Colors TV incurs an expenditure of ₹8-12 crore every season on marketing.

The channel earns an estimated revenue of 95 to 105 crores from this show. Telecom giant Vodafone took over the position of presenting sponsor for the fifth time. Vodafone has been the presenting sponsor for the fifth time in a row.

According to sources from the industry, it has been reported that the telecom company has shell out ₹25-30 crores for holding its position as the presenting sponsor. Advertisement slots are around ₹2.7-3.1 lakh per 10 seconds in episodes where Salman Khan is featured, while other episodes charge ₹1.7-2 lakh per 10 seconds.

Is Running Expensive In Indian Marathon

Indians and Marathon, Marathons in India Is Running Expensive?

Indian Marathons: Marathons in India are a lot of fun and a perfect way to stay fit. Running just over some miles will put anyone’s determination and commitment to the test. Most of the marathons in India are organized to raise funds for charities or for a non-profit organization to benefit the people in need. Also in the recent trends, we see that many organizations are investing money in Marathons either for the prestige and publicity of a permanent corporate sponsorship, or just to get an easy, lucrative return on investment since long-distance runs are so costly, time-consuming, and in-demand in India. So what does a marathon do with all this registration money and why it is so expensive to participate in a marathon in India. Read on to understand the economic side of the Indian Marathon in the article.

Why Indian Marathons Are So Expensive?

There are several organizations that host marathons in India from time to time. Also, there are big and small marathon events to choose from. There’s a marathon for everyone, from those looking for a nice time to those looking for a challenge. Based on the type of the marathon, the registration fees would be decided by the organizers. Marathons in India are typically costly due to their popularity, distance, venue, rental costs, labor costs, and so on. So if you are enrolling for a marathon which is famous and covers long distance will cost you more to participate.

Why Marathons in Indian Cities Cost More?

Just to participate in an Indian Marathon that is organized in cities costs so much of your money. Have you ever wondered why is this happening? As mentioned above, the cost of registration fees in a marathon depends upon the popularity and venue where it takes place. Most of the marathons in India which are held in cities are too expensive because of the following reasons.

Marathons In India Are Expensive Because of Supply and Demand

Marathons in India are really short in supply and this is the main reason it tends to cost more. Since there is such a strong demand for a famous marathon in a crowded city, it can command a high price. We all know that people who live in large cities can be extremely wealthy. Marathon organizers are well aware of this. As a result, if enough wealthy people want to participate in the marathon, the organizers will charge whatever they want. So, Marathons in major cities will cost upwards of Rs. 3,000 just to Register. But when you add in that good pair of running shoes, clothing, transportation, and lodging, then it would cost more than Rs.10,000.

Marathons In India Are Expensive Because of Venue

As mentioned above, the cost of the marathon is decided by the marathon organizers based on the location, where the Marathon takes place. For example, the marathon held in Ladakh is one most popular marathons in India, since the race running route is covered with the most attractive scenery providing a racer with breathtaking views while running. So it depends on the race location of the venue where exactly it takes place.

Marathons In India – Security Attendants Fee

While participating in the Indian marathon race, one cannot carry his/her valuables along with them, since it would make one uncomfortable while running. Thus to keep your valuables safe during a marathon race, the organizers appoint security attendants. The security attendants will be responsible to keep your valuable safe with him/her until you complete the race. No marathon organizer can host the event without security attendants and thus to pay them, your registration fee will be hiked to some level.

Marathons In India – Racecourse Attendants Fee

While running in a marathon race, we see a lot of people on the race route guiding and encouraging us to run. These people are called Marathon Racecourse attendants. Generally, hundreds of people will normally assist us while running in the marathon path. So, some amount of your registration fee will also be contributed to these volunteers.

Marathons In India – Medical Staff Fees

The medical staff for a marathon is crucial. During a marathon, people suffer from a variety of running injuries. Extreme cramping, passing out, pulling muscles, and slight cuts and abrasions are just a few examples. So to help the racers with a medical emergency, these medical staff are appointed. And to pay this medical staffs, some amount of registration fee is contributed.

Personal Expenses While Participating In Indian Marathon

Apart from the registration fees, one will have to spend some amount of money to purchase the necessities while participating in the race.

Expenses Spent Before Running Indian Marathon: You’ll need to put some money down before the race even starts. Before running in the marathon you might need to buy running kits, shoes, and supplements, and so on. The cost of running shoes might cost you more than Rs.5,000. Similarly, clothes, running googles might also cost you more than Rs.10,000.

Expenses Spent While Running Indian Marathon: Energy drinks intended for long runs can be much more expensive than normal sweets. You can substitute energy drinks with chewable race supplements. Another factor to keep in mind is that food at the marathon can be much more costly than it is elsewhere. Sellers can charge even more for food within the marathon area because they know you’ll need it. So now you would have got a fair idea of why marathons in India are expensive and how they are spending your registration fee in various ways. Now let’s take a look at the list of Marathons that are held in India along with the registration fee to participate in it.

List of Marathons in India With Registration Fees

The list of marathon and their registration fees has been tabulated below:

Marathon Name Registration Fee
Tata Mumbai Marathon Rs. 2000
Kaveri Trail Marathon Rs. 1300 to Rs. 2500
Airtel Delhi Half Marathon Rs. 1700 to Rs.3000
Goa River Marathon Rs. 2000
Pinkathon From Rs. 300
Vasai-Virar Mayor’s Marathon From Rs. 750
Airtel Hyderabad Marathon Rs. 1700 to Rs.3000
Ladakh Marathon Rs. 1500 to 3800
Run the Rann To be announced
Satara Hill Marathon To be announced

Indian Marathon Calendar

Due to the sudden surge of COVID-19 cases and pandemics in the country all the ongoing and upcoming marathons are canceled in India. So people who are in search of the Indian Marathon calendar or events will have to keep an eye on the event organizers’ official website to get updates from time to time.

Indians and Marathons

FAQ’s on Indian Marathon Expenses

The frequently asked questions on Indian Marathon expenses are given below:

Question 1.
Can you make money running marathons in India?

Yes, all the marathon organizers will announce the amount of prize money before hosting the running race. Racers who are considered winners will be awarded prize money. So you can earn money by running marathons in India, only if you recognized as the winner.

Question 2.
Is running expensive in Indian Marathon 2021?

It depends on the marathon in which you are participating. However, in recent times, many people quote that participating in a marathon is expensive due to registration fare and expenses spent for running in a marathon.

Question 3.
How much should a person spend if he is participating in a marathon?

Running in a marathon will cost more than Rs.5000 which includes registration fees, running shoes, sports clothes, gadgets and much more.

Income Tax Certificate of Appreciation

Income Tax Certificate of Appreciation

Income Tax Certificate of Appreciation: The Income Tax department has initiated a unique and new thank you certificate for honest tax-payers. By sending an email thanking them along with a certificate of Appreciation. From Assessment Year 2016-17, Income Tax Department has started assigning the Income Tax appreciation Certificate for eligible tax-payers who clear their entire liability, have no outstanding tax liabilities and have filed their returns electronically in the prescribed time. This article will explain the appreciation certificate for paying the Income Tax and What are these Certificates of Appreciation given for?

Income Tax Definition

Income Tax in India is the taxes that are collected from the income of an individual. These individuals are identified as taxpayers. The taxpayers pay a fixed amount from their earnings of the provided financial year directly to the country’s government. This ‘fixed rate’ is pre-defined by the Income Tax Department (ITD). The taxpayers are required to pay income tax on every income they make, which means any amount won or earned is subjected to tax. So, this indicates even lottery champions require to pay income tax.

Certificate of Appreciation

The Income Tax department gives the certificate of appreciation as a token of appreciation to the honest tax-payers. The government has initiated this step to acknowledge the taxpayer’s contribution. The certificates are sent to taxpayers by email in multiple categories based on the taxes given by them. The eligibility to get the appreciation certification depends on the tax and is not based on the income range. The total tax depends on the income received from these five starts:

  • Income from Salary,
  • Income from capital gains,
  • Income from marketing,
  • House property income, and
  • earnings from other sources.

Therefore, if someone has not received the appreciation certificate from the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) in spite of giving your taxes, its because he/she has not paid their taxes on time or completed the ITR process within time or didn’t file the income tax return (ITR) on time. One can visit the online website of the IT office to check if their ITR has been processed or not.

Income Tax Certificate of Appreciation Eligibility

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has been giving an appreciation certification to tax-payers by mail, who had given the tax on time. Besides, the ITR has to be registered online within the due date and also confirmed within 120 days. The verification method can be accomplished through Electronic Verification Code (EVC) or Digital Signature or submission of signed ITR-V to Centralized Processing Centre Bangalore. Following are the steps to check and download the appreciation certificate.

  • Login to the website of “www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in”
  • Go to the menu ‘My Account’ to the left side of the screen and click on ‘Certificate of Appreciation.’
  • Download the certificate by clicking the download option.

If the certificate of appreciation is not sent by any chance, then the following steps will help you ask for help in resending the certificate. 

  • Log in to the website of “www.incometaxindiaefiling.gov.in”
  • Click on the menu ‘My Account’ on the left side of the screen and click the ‘Service Request’ button. Then select ‘New Request’ and click the category for request as ‘Certificate of Appreciation’ and click ‘Submit.’
  • Select the AY from the list and click on done.

The Category’s

The income tax department mails an email to the tax-payer, which includes the required items – a certificate of appreciation – that can be downloaded, published and framed for posterity.

  • Bronze category: The Bronze category is for those who have paid the income tax from the range of Rs 1 lakh to Rs 10 lakh per year.
  • Silver category: This category is for those who have paid income tax from Rs 10 lakh to Rs 50 lakh.
  • Gold category: This category belongs to those who have paid the tax within Rs 50 lakh to Rs 1 crore.
  • Platinum category: The platinum category is the last category that has paid income tax of Rs 1 crore and beyond.

Why the Certificate of Appreciation?

The Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) terms this movement as the first attempt by the administration to communicate to the taxpayer and appreciate their contribution. CBDT encourages the taxpayers to publicise these records in their houses and offices.

On the 19th of September 2016, the Circular of the Income Tax Website stated that –

“The Government had approved each taxpayer’s participation in paying taxes within the assigned period and the Honourable Finance Minister, Shri Arun Jaitley, has awarded certificates of appreciation published by CBDT venerating the selected taxpayers for their contribution. Through this step, the Government tries to directly communicate with the taxpayer and appreciate them for their contribution.”

Conclusion on Income Tax Certificate of Appreciation

Income Tax payment is an essential aspect of a functioning economy. It is the fuel on which an economy moves. Every citizen who falls under the payable tax bracket is expected to pay their income dues in a timely manner so that the developmental processes of a nation can keep on continuing.

However, paying income tax can be a mundane job with no apparent positive reinforcement of any kind. With the introduction of the Income-tax appreciation certificate, the department is trying to acknowledge the service that one has done to the nation by paying one’s taxes. There is also the case of the Income Tax department trying to change its appearance and image and, in the process, become more tax-payer friendly. This has been achieved through measures such as polite language, less physical interaction, lesser intrusive assessment, and the newly introduced appreciation certificate. This article will help the reader understand all about the appreciation certificate, who is eligible, and how it is the handout.

Divorce Process - Mutual Consent or Contested, Fees and Documents

Divorce Process – Mutual Consent or Contested, Fees and Documents

Divorce Process: Divorce is a legal procedure of ending a marriage or matrimonial union. Divorce usually involves the cancelling or restructuring of a marriage’s legal responsibilities and duties under the rule of law of a particular country or state. A divorce is a legal action between married people to end their marriage before the spouse’s death. Divorce laws differ considerably around the world, but in most nations, divorce requires the sanction of a court or other authority in a legal process, which may involve issues of distribution of property, alimony (spousal support), child custody, child visiting/access, child support, parenting time, and division of debt. In most nations, the law expects monogamy, so divorce enables each ex-partner to marry another. It takes a minimum of six months for mutually consented divorce; however, for contested divorces, the total duration of the process could extend from 2-5 years, case-specific.

Constituents of Divorce

Divorce is the adjournment of marriage constitutionally. In India, marriage and divorce come under personal matters, and the laws are based on customs and rights of different religions discussed below. There are three significant factors to be classified at the time of divorce:

  • Property settlements, liabilities and assets: In case of a mutual consent divorce, the parties are free to choose how they wish to distribute their marital assets. However, if there is a deficit of consent in how matters are to be resolved, the court may help the parties in the same. Nevertheless, the division can be demanded only of the joint conjugal property and not of the individual self-acquired property of a spouse. A Hindu woman may assert her husband’s property after his death under the Hindu Succession Act, 1956. Section 125 of the Code of Criminal Procedure grants support to wives, and there exist maintenance provisions even under the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956. For this, the property and the remuneration of the husband are considered by the court.
  • Alimony: When two people are married, they have a responsibility to support each other. In 1973 under the Code of Criminal Procedure, the right of maintenance was extended to any form economically reliant on marriage. The claim of either spouse depends on the husband having adequate means. When settling the payment on the alimony, the court will take into account the earning potential of the man and his capacity to restore his fortune and liabilities.
  • Child Custody: The Guardians and Wards Act, 1890, determines custody and guardianship aspects in India. The protection of a child either be sole, where only one parent has the custody, and the other may have the visiting rights. Shared or joint custody is where both parents share the custody, and third-party custody is where neither of the parents gets the custody. Usually, the custody of children below five years of age is given to the mother. Under the Muslim Women Act, 1986, the custody of boys below two years is given to the mother and after that to the father, but the daughter’s custody remains with the mother.

Divorce Process

Types of Divorce

In some areas, the courts will surprisingly apply principles of fault but might voluntarily hold a party responsible for a breach of fiduciary responsibility to his or her spouse. A judge must order a divorce by a court of law to come into force. The courts generally set the divorce terms, though they may take into account prenuptial contracts or post-nuptial contracts or simply approve terms that the spouses may have consented to privately.

The Indian Divorce system can be divided into two separate divisions.

  • Divorce by Mutual Consent: When both mates approve of dissolving a troubled marriage, they can pursue the Indian divorce procedure with Mutual Consent. One needs to register a joint divorce request. The court will provide a six to eighteen months period to the parties, called the cooling-off phase, to adjust. If they cannot settle, then they have to go through the terms of the agreement. And also have to file a second motion, and the court announces a Decree of Divorce. Divorce by mutual consent requires a minimum of six months to settle, whereas if it takes the court route, it might take around 2-5 years, depending on the situation.
  • Contested Divorce: The divorce where the husband or the wife wants separation but the other doesn’t is known as a contested divorce. It also applies when both the partners want a divorce but cannot accept issues like alimony or the custody of the children. In a contested divorce, one has to explicate, prove and justify reasons to the court, known as grounds, for wanting to separate. Reasons to get a divorce can be desertion, cruelty, adultery, impotence, chronic diseases like leprosy, venereal disease, etc. The other party can also challenge these types of problems. This makes contested divorce procedures long, stressful and comparatively expensive. It often appears that a couple starts the divorce procedures by way of a contested divorce, but throughout the trial, they agree to separate by mutual consent. In India, the grounds of divorce are determined based on the religion of the couple.

The legal method in India is considerably repulsive, lengthy and costly. A couple can control their legal expenses if they mutually handle a financial settlement.

Indian Marriage Acts

In India, marriage and dissolution of marriage come under personal matters, and the laws are based on customs and rights of different religions such as – The Hindu Marriage Act, 1955 rules for the Hindus, Sikhs, Jains and Buddhists.  For the Muslim community, the dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act, 1939. The Parsis are administered by the Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act, 1936. The Christians are governed by the Indian Divorce Act, 1869 and all the inter-community and civil marriages are governed by the Special Marriage Act from the year 1956. Due to the presence of different religious convictions in India, the Indian Judiciary has implemented laws distinctly for couples belonging to different religions. The mutual consent divorce procedure is slightly more effortless and fast, while the contested divorce method takes longer and depends on the religions of the partners.

Cost to Get a Divorce

The Court fees for listing a divorce are cheap; the cost is essentially in the expenses you pay your attorney. Lawyers tend to credit charges for arriving in court and doing any other work. Depending on how profoundly it works, therefore, it may cost anywhere from the low ten thousand to lakhs of rupees. One can hire lawyers walking around the premises of any family court who assure a win-win situation for a lump-sum amount of money. Such advocates usually trick the clients. Different lawyers in different cities have separate fees according to their High Court or Civil Court practice. For hearings related to the Supreme court, the fee increase is proportional.

  • Mutual Consent Divorce: The complete process for the mutual consent divorce by attorneys with experience for 1 to 3 years takes around from Rs 15,000 to Rs 30,000.
  • Contested Divorce: The contested Divorce is expensive as there are arguments and cross pieces of evidence. The Prosecution cost is directly proportional to the time duration of the case. The Prosecutor with 3 to 5 years experience charges a minimum of Rs 3000-7000 per hearing. Hiring an experienced advocate can cost you about Rs 35,000 per hearing.

Documents Required for Divorce

In a divorce petition, the parties are asked to submit the following documentary proofs:

  • Address proof of husband and wife
  • Marriage certificate
  • The marriage proof in terms of four passport photos of the marriage
  • Separate residence proof for spouses living separately for more than a year
  • Evidence of failed attempts of settlement
  • Last 2-3 years income tax statements
  • Profession and present remuneration details
  • Family background Information
  • Details of assets owned by the claimant

Conclusion on Divorce Process

The personal law associated with marriage and divorce is manifested properly in India with adequate legislation and case laws on the matter. However, these laws need to evolve with the changing society, and the family courts of India have done an exceptional job in identifying the same.

How to Apply for Passport

How to Apply for Passport – Fill Form, Pay and Schedule Appointment

Steps to Apply for a Passport

The following are the steps to apply for a new passport or a reissue of an old one.

  • For the first time, go to the Passport Seva Online website and register.
  • Passport Seva Online Portal Login
  • Apply for a new passport or a passport reissue.
  • You have the option of downloading the form, filling it out, and uploading it back to the website, or simply filling out the information online.
  • Submit the Application after filling out the form, either online or offline.
  • Make a payment and make an appointment.
  • Confirmation of your appointment at the Passport Seva Kendra, with all relevant details (PSK).
  • For appointment confirmation, print the Application Receipt.
  • Bring your receipt to Passport Seva Kendra (PSK) on the day of your appointment.
  • Give your biometrics (fingerprints), have your documents checked and receive a receipt. It takes about 2-4 hours to complete.
  • After the police have checked your identity, you will receive your passport.
  • You can monitor the progress of your passport application.


As defined by the Emigration Act of 1983, emigration is defined as an Indian citizen leaving India with the intention of seeking employment in a foreign country. Emigration Check Required stands for Emigration Check Required, while Emigration Check Not Required stands for Emigration Check Not Required. If you passed class ten, you are automatically placed in the ECNR grades.

Emigration Check Required is the complete form of ECR

  • If you have not completed class ten, your passport will be classified as ECR (Emigration Check Required). When you leave India for work in one of the countries on the list, you must obtain permission from the immigration office.
  • You do not need emigration clearance if you travel to any of the mentioned countries for reasons other than work (ex-visit, service, or any other reason).
  • You do not need emigration clearance if you are travelling to any of the other countries mentioned, regardless of whether you are qualified for ECNR or not.

If your passport status is ECR, you may need to obtain permission from the immigration office to travel to the following countries: Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Dubai, Oman, Kuwait, Afghanistan, Bahrain, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen.

In the passport, no notation means ECR for the passport is published before January 2007.

No notation in the passport means ECNR for passports published in or after January 2007.

If an Emigration Check is required, the passport will be stamped with an ECR endorsement, i.e. The stamp would be on your passport page if you have an ECR passport. ECR Emigration Check Required is written on the stamp, as seen in the image below.

Documents to Carry During The Visit To The Passport Office On The Appointment Date

You must bring original documents as well as one self-attested duplicate copy of the following documents to the passport office:

  • Address proof is needed. Water/telephone/electricity/gas charge, income tax assessment order, election ID card, parent’s passport, etc.) Gas Connection Proof, On letterhead, a certificate from a reputable employer, Spouse’s passport copy (first and last page along with the family details), (provided the applicant’s current address matches the address mentioned in the spouse’s passport), Parent’s passport copy, if the applicant is a child (First and last page), Photo Passbook of a Working Bank Account, Aadhaar Card, Registered Rent Agreement (Scheduled Private Sector Indian Banks, Scheduled Public Sector Banks and Regional Rural Banks only)
  • Proof of birth date – Birth certificate issued by a municipal authority or any office approved by the Registrar.
  • Class Xth or the graduation certificate as a document for ECNR.

Normal passport applications from first-time applicants who include Aadhaar, Electoral Photo Identity Card (EPIC), Permanent Account Number (PAN) Card, and an affidavit in the format of Annexure will be processed on a Post-Police Verification basis, allowing for faster passport issuance without the payment of any additional fees, subject to effective online Aadhaar number validation. Additionally, if necessary, the EPIC and PAN cards can be validated from the respective databases. The Passports Act and Passports Law will refer to the general laws, legislation, and procedures relating to passport issuance.

Visiting The Passport Office On The Appointment Date

On the scheduled date, bring your application receipt, original documents, and one copy of self-attested documents to the Passport Seva Kendra. If you are applying for a passport for a minor, please bring your parents’ original passports. For a minor, only one parent is permitted. The images are from an official presentation at Passport Seva Kendra on how to apply.

Security Checks at the Passport Kendra

Arrive 15 minutes before the starting time. It’s pointless to arrive early because the guard will not let you in. To gain access, you must show the guard the Application. The picture below depicts the procedure for sending an application to the Passport, Seva Kendra. The Passport Seva Kendra has a Xerox machine and an ATM on the premises.

To submit a passport in PSK format, you must follow the steps below.

Issuing Token

Display the documents in the preprocessing section. You will be given a token and a file if all goes well. If any of the records are missing, you will be notified. You will go the next day without making an appointment.

The token number is included in Token. You must visit counters A, B, and C. You wait in the lounge area while waiting for your Token.

Enter the area where you’ll be waiting. Wait until your token number appears on the Token Display Screen, as shown below.

A Counter, B Counter, and C Counter

Within 30 minutes to an hour of arriving, one is at the counter. However, Counter B and Counter C take time because Counter A has more people than Counter B and Counter C.

Passport Save Kendra’s Waiting Area

A Counter: Your documents will be checked and uploaded into the Passport Seva System at this counter. Your picture and fingerprints will be taken. If you want to pay for SMS notification, you can do so at the counter for Rs 40 and get a receipt. The passport office will then send you warning messages, such as:

  • Received Passport application
  • Initiated Police verification
  • Police will further approach you for completing the verifications
  • There is a positive verification result
  • Passport is then printed
  • Passport then gets printed and mailed to you through the speed post with a tracking number
  • Your passport will then be delivered to you

B Counter: the officer verifies and corrects original records.

C Counter: The passport is granted after a designated officer makes a decision.

Tracking the Status Of Passport Application

Suppose you want to watch your application’s status and review it online; you can also dial 1800-258-1800 for assistance. The mPassport Seva App is available for Android, iOS, Windows, and BlackBerry. This allows for easy monitoring as well as other passport-related details.

You can log in with your information if you want to file a complaint. Your complaint can be submitted at http://www.passportindia.gov.in/AppOnlineProject/ccgm/ServiceRequestHomeAction.

Passport’s Police Verification

For Minor Passports, there is no police verification. There are three main types of police authentication, depending on whether the police verify the applicant’s identity before the passport is issued and dispatched or after the passport is issued and dispatched. On the passport website, you can find a list of frequently asked questions about police verification.

  • Pre-police verification. Carried before issuing the passport.
  • Post police verification. Carried after issuing the passport. For example, for PSU employees or the government employees submitting a NOC through Annexure M.
  • No police verification. Except in Tatkal, police verification for passport issuance should be completed in 21 days under the Right to Service Act provisions. That means a police report must be sent to the Regional Passport Office (RPO) within that time frame. Several factors determine the length of time it takes for the police to verify your identity.
  • The PSK location where you apply your Application and the address where you live
  • The condition of the police station – whether or not they have a dedicated passport verification team.
  • Length of stay at current address – police will conduct background checks at all places where you lived in the previous year.
  • You also need to provide documentary evidence.

As part of the government’s efforts to strengthen and liberalise police verification procedures for passport issuance, the Ministry of External Affairs has agreed to conduct police verification after the passport has been released. The instruction is for first-time applicants who are applying under the standard category. “Normal passport applications of all first-time applicants furnishing Aadhaar, Electoral Photo Identity Card (EPIC), Permanent Account Number (PAN), and an affidavit will now be processed on a post-police verification basis, allowing faster issuance of passport without payment of any additional fees,” the Ministry of External Affairs said in a statement.

Unless there is an inconsistency or inadequacy in the documentation you submit for police verification, it will be completed in one visit – assuming the appropriate police authority is accessible.

Receiving the Passport

Following the police verification, the recommendation report is sent to the passport office. It is either sent for further analysis or processing based on the recommendations (printing & then dispatch). Depending on your mailing address and readiness to receive it, the speed post will add 3-5 days to your delivery time.

If you live in one of the four big metro cities, the passport offices have begun a campaign to offer passports in four weeks. This can take anywhere from 4-6 weeks in other metro areas. Other bits can take anything from a month to a year.